South American trypanosomiasis


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Related to South American trypanosomiasis: Chagas disease

South American trypanosomiasis

n
(Pathology) pathol another name for Chagas' disease
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South American trypanosomiasis, or Chagas' disease, is rarely acquired by travellers.
South American trypanosomiasis or 'chagas disease' is transmitted by a species of cone-nosed bug, sometimes called the assassin bug, that lives in the walls of dwellings in rural areas.
It is vital that a mechanism is in place to allow physicians working in nonendemic areas who are involved in the management of patients from trypanosomiasis-endemic areas to have access to suramin and several other essential but rarely used agents (such as melarsoprol, eflornithine, nifurtimox, and benznidazole; the last two drugs used for treatment of South American trypanosomiasis) from a central repository 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

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