sovereign

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sov·er·eign

 (sŏv′ər-ĭn, sŏv′rĭn)
n.
1. One that exercises supreme, permanent authority, especially in a nation or other governmental unit, as:
a. A king, queen, or other noble person who serves as chief of state; a ruler or monarch.
b. A national governing council or committee.
2. A nation that governs territory outside its borders.
3. A gold coin formerly used in Great Britain.
adj.
1. Self-governing; independent: a sovereign state.
2. Having supreme rank or power: a sovereign prince.
3. Paramount; supreme: Her sovereign virtue is compassion.
4.
a. Of superlative strength or efficacy: a sovereign remedy.
b. Unmitigated: sovereign contempt.

[Middle English soverain, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *superānus, from Latin super, above; see uper in Indo-European roots.]

sov′er·eign·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

sovereign

(ˈsɒvrɪn)
n
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a person exercising supreme authority, esp a monarch
2. (Currencies) a former British gold coin worth one pound sterling
adj
3. supreme in rank or authority: a sovereign lord.
4. excellent or outstanding: a sovereign remedy.
5. of, relating to, or characteristic of a sovereign
6. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) independent of outside authority: a sovereign state.
[C13: from Old French soverain, from Vulgar Latin superānus (unattested), from Latin super above; also influenced by reign]
ˈsovereignly adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

sov•er•eign

(ˈsɒv rɪn, ˈsɒv ər ɪn, ˈsʌv-)

n.
1. a monarch or other supreme ruler.
2. a person who has sovereign power or authority.
3. a body of persons or a state having sovereign authority.
4. a gold coin of the United Kingdom, equal to one pound sterling: went out of circulation after 1914.
adj.
5. belonging to or characteristic of a sovereign or sovereignty; royal.
6. having supreme rank, power, or authority.
7. supreme; preeminent; indisputable: sovereign power; a sovereign right.
8. greatest in degree; utmost or extreme.
9. being above all others in character, importance, excellence, etc.
10. efficacious; potent: a sovereign remedy.
[1250–1300; < Old French < Vulgar Latin *superānus= Latin super- super- + -ānus -an1]
sov′er•eign•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sovereign - a nation's ruler or head of state usually by hereditary rightsovereign - a nation's ruler or head of state usually by hereditary right
Capetian - a member of the Capetian dynasty
Carlovingian, Carolingian - a member of the Carolingian dynasty
czar, tsar, tzar - a male monarch or emperor (especially of Russia prior to 1917)
emperor - the male ruler of an empire
chief of state, head of state - the chief public representative of a country who may also be the head of government
king, male monarch, Rex - a male sovereign; ruler of a kingdom
Merovingian - a member of the Merovingian dynasty
ruler, swayer - a person who rules or commands; "swayer of the universe"
Shah, Shah of Iran - title for the former hereditary monarch of Iran
Adj.1.sovereign - (of political bodies) not controlled by outside forces; "an autonomous judiciary"; "a sovereign state"
free - able to act at will; not hampered; not under compulsion or restraint; "free enterprise"; "a free port"; "a free country"; "I have an hour free"; "free will"; "free of racism"; "feel free to stay as long as you wish"; "a free choice"
2.sovereign - greatest in status or authority or power; "a supreme tribunal"
dominant - exercising influence or control; "television plays a dominant role in molding public opinion"; "the dominant partner in the marriage"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

sovereign

adjective
1. independent, autonomous, self-governing, free, non-aligned, self-determining The Russian Federation declared itself to be a sovereign republic.
2. supreme, ruling, absolute, chief, royal, principal, dominant, imperial, unlimited, paramount, regal, predominant, monarchal, kingly or queenly No contract can absolutely restrain a sovereign power.
3. excellent, valuable, efficient, helpful, reliable, worthwhile, unfailing, efficacious, effectual wild garlic, a sovereign remedy in any healer's chest
noun
1. monarch, ruler, king or queen, chief, shah, potentate, supreme ruler, emperor or empress, prince or princess, tsar or tsarina the first British sovereign to set foot on Spanish soil
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

sovereign

adjective
Having political independence:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
ذات سِيادَهمَلِك أو مَلِكَه
panovníksuverénnívládce-ice
monarkselvstændig
erinomainenhallitsijaitsenäinenmonarkkisuvereeni
szuverén
fullvaldakonungur; drottning
卓越した君主独立した自立した
suverenassuverenus
monarhssuverēnsvaldnieks
suveran
suverénny

sovereign

[ˈsɒvrɪn]
A. ADJ
1. (= supreme) → soberano
with sovereign contemptcon soberano desprecio
2. (= self-governing) → soberano
sovereign stateestado m soberano
B. N
1. (= monarch) → soberano/a m/f
2. (Hist) (= coin) → soberano m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

sovereign

[ˈsɒvrɪn]
adj
(= autonomous) [state, country] → souverain(e)
(= supreme) [power, ruler] → souverain(e)
n
(= monarch) → souverain(e) m/f
(formerly) (= gold coin) → souverain m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

sovereign

n (= monarch)Souverän m, → Herrscher(in) m(f); (Brit, old: = coin) → 20-Shilling-Münze f
adj
(= supreme)höchste(r, s), oberste(r, s); state, powersouverän; contempttiefste(r, s), äußerste(r, s); the sovereign power of the Popedie Oberhoheit des Papstes; our sovereign Lord the King (old)unser gnädiger Herr, der König
a sovereign remedy (lit, fig)ein Allheilmittel nt(for gegen)
(Fin) sovereign debtStaatsschulden pl; sovereign lendingstaatliche Kreditaufnahme
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

sovereign

[ˈsɒvrɪn]
1. adj (gen) → sovrano/a
with sovereign contempt (fig) → con sommo disprezzo
a sovereign remedy (old) → un rimedio infallibile
2. n (monarch) → sovrano/a; (coin) → sovrana
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

sovereign

(ˈsovrin) noun
a king or queen.
adjective
(of a country) self-governing. a sovereign state.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
Notwithstanding the want of proper sympathy in every instance between the local sovereigns and the people, and the sympathy in some instances between the general sovereign and the latter, it usually happened that the local sovereigns prevailed in the rivalship for encroachments.
But the gift somewhere dropped out of the line of succession: the later sovereigns of England have not been tactual healers, and the disease once honored with the name "king's evil" now bears the humbler one of "scrofula," from scrofa , a sow.
There was a common head, chieftain, or sovereign, whose authority extended over the whole nation; and a number of subordinate vassals, or feudatories, who had large portions of land allotted to them, and numerous trains of INFERIOR vassals or retainers, who occupied and cultivated that land upon the tenure of fealty or obedience, to the persons of whom they held it.
"Good Heavens!" exclaimed a Sovereign Elector, on hearing the resolutions read, "what a loss to the nation!
Miss Bartlett, who was poor at figures, became bewildered and rendered up the sovereign, amidst the suppressed gurgles of the other youths.
Sun Tzu said: In war, the general receives his commands from the sovereign, collects his army and concentrates his forces
Jealousy and the ambition and intrigue of another officer had lost him the favor of his emperor, and he had been detailed to this frontier post as a mark of his sovereign's displeasure.
"Come, Josh," he said, in a cajoling tone, "give us a spoonful of brandy, and a sovereign to pay the way back, and I'll go.
- It was but man, I thought, who shed Laurels upon me: and the rush - The torrent of the chilly air Gurgled within my ear the crush Of empires - with the captive's prayer - The hum of suiters - and the tone Of flattery 'round a sovereign's throne.
All the efforts of those who surrounded the sovereign seemed directed merely to making him spend his time pleasantly and forget that war was impending.
The true marshalling of the degrees of sovereign honor, are these: In the first place are conditores imperiorum, founders of states and commonwealths; such as were Romulus, Cyrus, Caesar, Ottoman, Ismael.
``Sir Wilfred of Ivanhoe,'' said the gallant Outlaw, stepping forward, ``my assurances can add nothing to those of our sovereign; yet, let me say somewhat proudly, that of men who have suffered much, he hath not truer subjects than those who now stand around him.''