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A country of southwest Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Inhabited since the Stone Age, the region was successively colonized in ancient times by Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthage, and Rome. Germanic peoples settled in Spain starting in ad 409 but were supplanted by the Moors (711-719), under whose rule the region was noted for its prosperity and cultural development. The Moors were gradually displaced by small Christian states and were ousted from their last stronghold, Granada, in 1492. Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile then became rulers of a united Spain, which became a world power through exploration and conquest. After the empire was lost in the 18th and 19th centuries, Spain experienced social and economic unrest culminating in a civil war (1936-1939) and the rise of Francisco Franco. After Franco's death in 1975, a constitutional monarchy was established under King Juan Carlos. Madrid is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) a kingdom of SW Europe, occupying the Iberian peninsula between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic: a leading European power in the 16th century, with many overseas possessions, esp in the New World; became a republic in 1931; under the fascist dictatorship of Franco following the Civil War (1936–39) until his death in 1975; a member of the European Union. It consists chiefly of a central plateau (the Meseta), with the Pyrenees and the Cantabrian Mountains in the north and the Sierra Nevada in the south. Official language: Castilian Spanish, with Catalan, Galician, and Basque official regional languages. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Madrid. Pop: 47 370 542 (2013 est). Area: 504 748 sq km (194 883 sq miles). Spanish name: España
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|Noun||1.||Spain - a parliamentary monarchy in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; a former colonial power|
auto-da-fe - the burning to death of heretics (as during the Spanish Inquisition)
Spanish Civil War - civil war in Spain in which Franco succeeded in overthrowing the republican government; during the war Spain became a battleground for fascists and socialists from all countries; 1936-1939
Galician - a language spoken in Galicia in northwestern Spain; it is between Portuguese and Spanish but closer to Portuguese; sometimes considered a Portuguese or Spanish dialect
Spanish - the Romance language spoken in most of Spain and the countries colonized by Spain
Catalan - the Romance language spoken in Catalonia in eastern Spain (related to Spanish and Occitan)
paella - saffron-flavored dish made of rice with shellfish and chicken
Basque Fatherland and Liberty, Basque Homeland and Freedom, ETA, Euskadi ta Askatasuna - a terrorist organization organized in 1959 by student activists who were dissatisfied with the moderate nationalism of the traditional Basque party; want to create an independent homeland in Spain's western Pyrenees; "in 1968 ETA launched a campaign of political assassinations of government officials"
First of October Antifascist Resistance Group, GRAPO - an armed wing of the (illegal) Communist Party of Spain; seeks to overthrow the Spanish government and replace it with a Marxist-Leninist regime; "GRAPO is vehemently opposed to the United States"
Common Market, EC, EEC, European Community, European Economic Community, European Union, EU, Europe - an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; "he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union"
NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization - an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Andalucia, Andalusia - a region in southern Spain on the Atlantic and the Mediterranean; formerly a center of Moorish civilization
capital of Spain, Madrid, Spanish capital - the capital and largest city situated centrally in Spain; home of an outstanding art museum
Balearic Islands - an archipelago in the western Mediterranean off the eastern coast of Spain
Majorca - the largest of the Balearic Islands
Canaries, Canary Islands - a group of mountainous islands in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa forming Spanish provinces
Barcelona - a city in northeastern Spain on the Mediterranean; 2nd largest Spanish city and the largest port and commercial center; has been a center for radical political beliefs
Cadiz - an ancient port city in southwestern Spain
Cartagena - a port in southeastern Spain on the Mediterranean
Leon - a city in northwestern Spain at the foot of the Cantabrian Mountains
Logrono - a city in northern Spain on the Ebro River
Malaga - a port city and resort in Andalusia in southern Spain on the Mediterranean
Oviedo - a city in northwestern Spain near the Cantabrian Mountains
San Sebastian - a city in northern Spain on the Bay of Biscay near the French border; a fashionable seaside resort
Sevilla, Seville - a city in southwestern Spain; a major port and cultural center; the capital of bullfighting in Spain
Toledo - a city in central Spain on the Tagus river; famous for steel and swords since the first century
Aragon - a region of northeastern Spain; a former kingdom that united with Castile in 1479 to form Spain (after the marriage of Ferdinand V and Isabella I)
Saragossa, Zaragoza - an ancient city on the Ebro River in northeastern Spain; formerly the capital of Aragon
Castile, Castilla - a region of central Spain; a former kingdom that comprised most of modern Spain and united with Aragon to form Spain in 1479
Catalonia - a region of northeastern Spain
Galicia - a region (and former kingdom) in northwestern Spain on the Atlantic and the Bay of Biscay
Valencia - a city in eastern Spain on the Mediterranean; "Valencia is the third largest city in Spain"
Lusitania - ancient region and Roman province on the Iberian Peninsula; corresponds roughly to modern Portugal and parts of Spain
Cantabrian Mountains - a range of mountains in northern Spain along the coast of the Bay of Biscay
Cape Trafalgar - a small cape in southwestern Spain; "Nelson defeated the French and Spanish fleets off Cape Trafalgar in 1805"
Related wordssee administrative regions
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Spain[speɪn] N → España f
n → Spanien nt