sphincter of Oddi

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Related to Sphincter of oddi dysfunction: pancreatitis, ERCP, sphincterotomy, biliary dyskinesia

sphinc·ter of Od·di

n. Oddi, esfínter de, músculo circular contráctil situado en la apertura intestinal de la bilis y los conductos pancreáticos.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intrasphincteric injection of botulinum toxin for suspected sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Gut 1994; 35(9): 1319-21.
One of those four cases had similar features to the current case: a young female with no significant comorbidities who underwent an ERCP for treatment of possible Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction which was complicated by Clostridium perfringens emphysematous cholecystitis requiring a cholecystectomy two days after ERCP [6].
Freeman of the University of Minnesota Minneapolis, criticized the double-blind trial in an editorial, writing that diclofenac was not effective in the subgroup of patients with sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, "the very group of patients that is usually the most problematic." The main way to reduce post-ERCP pancreatitis "remains to educate endoscopists to avoid many of the diagnostic and empirical therapeutic ERCPs still performed in practice for marginal indications," he said (Gastroenterology 124[7]:1977-80, 2003).
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