Frequency and percentage were calculated for gender, jaundice, vomiting, hematemesis, abdominal distension, itching, weight loss, fever, stool color, steatorrhea, blood transfusion, pallor, edema, spider naevi
, bruise, ascites, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, caput medusae, encephalopathy and etiology of the chronic liver disease.
In our study, dyspnoea was present in 14 patients (65%), clubbing was present in 8 patients (20%), spider naevi
was present in 13 patients (32.
The honourable Mr Etho was described by the "reunionites" as a charming, portly gentleman who admitted to "a bit too much of the good life" when he tipped the scales at 110 kg; his ruddy complexion and facial spider naevi
supporting his comment.
Other findings were anaemia (30%), dilated veins over abdomen (16%), pedal edema (16%), and spider naevi
The symptoms of liver failure include a swollen, fluid-filled abdomen and visible spider-like blood vessels in the skin, known as spider naevi
Other cutaneous features which were less frequent findings included palmar erythema, clubbing, leuconychia, spider naevi
, alopecia areata, prurigo nodularis, porphyria cutanea tarda, erythema nodosum, sjorgens syndrome, vitiligo and cryoglobulinemia.