Often demonized as Spinozism
, it was promoted by Rousseau and Diderot before flowering in Germany with J.
HAYYIM ROTHMAN, "Reason's Rebellion, or Anarchism out of the Sources of Spinozism
The polemic had more than a philosophical interest at the time, since Spinozism
was seen as pantheistic, and therefore as denying the personal God of Christianity, a matter of significant public interest.
Their topics include his religious revolution, the problem of eschatology, between Hegel and Marx: history and theology in the early Althusser, his Spinozism
and the problem of theology, from the "hidden god" to the materialism of the encounter: Althusser and Pascal, and battles of nostalgic proportion: the transformations of Islam-as-historical-force in the ideological matrix of a self-affirming West.
In fact, in his writings, atheism and related worldviews like libertinism, Epicureanism, and Spinozism
are rejected outright.
His broad reaction against Romanticism found vent in numerous acid asides directed at monism in particular--hence his dismissal of "life-forcers," branding of Spinozism
as a heresy, scorn for Whitman's "clap-trap," and equation of totalitarianism with a return to the womb.
Prautyasamutpada did not evolve from the twelve-fold chain of causation to a doctrine of universal causal interrelatedness in eco-Buddhist hands (Harris "Ecology" 124), and neither does it entail nihilism, monism, or Spinozism
There is such force in those unhinged works of Holderlin, Kleist, Rimbaud, Mallarme, Kafka, Michaux, Pessoa, Artaud, and many English and American novelists, from Melville to Lawrence or Miller, in which the reader discovers admiringly that they have written the novel of Spinozism
Interestingly, however, this reference progressively disappears from the sociological debate from the 1890s onwards, and Spinozism
was replaced by normative and Neo-Kantian approaches, as, partially, in Durkheim or definitely in Weber.
Instead, I will look towards modes of cultural production that have a much longer history of existing in tension with the market, in order to gain a better understanding of how such creative commons function and what kind of social/political/legal organizations most clearly promote, in Hardt and Negri's Spinozism
, felicitous common encounters.
Detlev Patzold (Groningen) discusses the extent to which Spinoza serves as a point of reference in Schelling's philosophy of identity in 1801/1802 while Piet Steenbakkers (Utrecht/Rotterdam) examines the influence of Spinoza on Schelling's Bruno and Thomas Kisser (Munich) discusses Schelling's Spinozism
in a broader perspective.
For Jacobi Spinozism
is the only rational philosophy, but since such rationality eliminates freedom, reason needs to be transcended with a leap of faith.