However, a major concern that remains is the sustainable management of pest species of sugarcane, such as the African sugarcane stalk borer
, Eldana saccharina Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) (Carnegie 1974).
Resistance of exotic germplasm to the Asian stalk borer
Chilo partellus (Swinhoe).
One such pest is the maize stalk borer
. Two species Busseola fusca and Chilo partellus are endemic in Kenya's maize producing areas in varying populations .
The most relevant stem boring species associated with maize production in Nigeria are moths belonging to the families Noctuidae and Pyralidae, namely: the maize stalk borer
(Busseola fusca Fuller), the pink stem borer (Sesamia calamistis Hampson), the millet stem borer (Acigona ignefusalis Hampson) and the African sugar cane borer (Eldana saccharina Walker); (Polaszek 1998; Balogun and Tanimola 2001).
POWERCORE will reportedly provide increased corn yield between 5% and 10% with the control of major corn pests, including Fall armyworm, Sugarcane borer, Corn earworm, Corn stalk borer
and Black cutworm and tolerance to two types of herbicides - glyphosate and glufosinate.
Shenkumar et al  reported that egg parasite Trichogramma chilonis reduced stalk borer
incidence by 55-60% .
Sugarcane planting in Iran is threatened by two 131 species of stalk borer
: Sesamia cretica and S.
Climbing by newly hatched larvae of the spotted stalk borer
Chilo partellus to the top of sorghum plants.
The traps are used to reduce the spread of fruit stalk borer
(bunch borer) and stem borer.
Calcium silicate enhances resistance of sugarcane to the African stalk borer
Eldana saccharina Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).
in Sacc.], tolerance to rice water weevil (Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel), are less susceptible to rice stalk borer
(Chilo plejadellus Zincken), and more susceptible to rice stink bug [Oebalus pugnax (F.)] damage.
chilonis reduces stalk borer
incidence by 55-60% (Shenhmar et al., 2003).