That article exposed the racist and anti-Semitic yahoos that were in the National States Rights Party
. Nelson wanted to denounce their ugliness and at the same time lend support to the Alabama freelance writers, Joseph Wilson and Edward Harris, who wrote the expose at personal risk.
In 1948, the Democratic Party split three ways, with southern segregationists voting for Strom Thurmond of the States Rights Party
and the radical left voting for Henry Wallace of the Progressive Party, leaving Harry Truman to narrowly win election in a four-way race that included the Republican candidate Tom Dewey, who won most of the New England states that are Democratic bastions today.
Reflecting the regional split, Mississippians in 1851 formed new parties: the Union party and the States Rights party. The results of two contests between these groups clearly reveal the geographical and ideological fault lines.
Map 2 shows counties voting 49 percent or more for the States Rights party. For Alabama: The Great American History Machine details the support for the States Rights party in 1852.
Why should anyone have been surprised that the senator who led the Republican Party of 2002 paid homage to the States Rights Party
Savage claims that Truman avoided direct attacks on Thurmond and the States Rights Party
but continued to promote his civil rights proposals.
In Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia, the secessionists called themselves the States Rights party and were usually composed of Democratic politicians.
It would appear that the States Rights party believed that California failed to go through the legitimate procedure to become a state and that they believed the South should have gotten part of the state (at the 36-degree, 30-minute line) as a new slave state.(11) Some chafed at the "dismemberment" of Texas, while the editor of the Charleston Mercury said that the new Fugitive Slave Law was merely "the poor pittance doled out to [the South] as an equivalent for her ignominious ejection from the Territories of the Union."(12) Part of the secessionists' strong reaction to the Compromise was the sense that after 1850 the South would forever be a minority in the federal government, and they feared majority rule meant the social and economic strangulation of slavery.
However, other themes appeared in the unionist attempt to discredit the (real and alleged) disunionism of the States Rights party. Unionists doubted that a fight to secession actually existed, or at least they disputed it.