Stirling engine


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Stirling engine

n.
A heat engine driven by a permanently enclosed gas that expands and contracts as it is alternately heated and cooled by an external source of heat and a heat exchanger.

[After the Reverend Robert Stirling (1790-1878), Scottish clergyman and engineer who invented it.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Stirling engine

n
(Mechanical Engineering) an external-combustion engine that uses air or an inert gas as the working fluid operating on a highly efficient thermodynamic cycle (the Stirling cycle)
[named after Robert Stirling (1790–1878), Scottish minister who invented it]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
The Scottish Government's'Big Climate Conversation'came to the Stirling Engine Shed on Wednesday, July 24.
In 2013, the US Department of Energy (DOE) granted $1 million to Cool Energy, Inc (CEI) for supporting R&D on a 20-kW waste heat Stirling engine generator to generate electricity.
Passive sodium heat pipes transfer heat into a high-efficiency Stirling engine, a closed-cycle engine that uses expansion and compression of gas to convert the heat into power.
The investor, who also chairs the Nicosia-based Cyprus Free & Competitive Energy Market Business Association (CFCEMBA), added that while photovoltaic power generation is more cost effective than that of the Stirling engine, when one takes into account the cost of energy storage, then the Stirling engine is more competitive.
Kilopower, however, is lightweight enough to carry to Mars and powerful enough to power a Stirling engine. Its reactors range from 1 kilowatt to 10 kilowatts; about 40 kilowatts, or 4 to 5 Kilopowers are needed to sustain a habitat on Mars and create energy.
"Our collaboration with Cleanergy aims to generate the knowledge and technologies needed to take advantage of the highly efficient Stirling engine and rapidly move Cleanergy's solar thermal energy technologies to the market," Dr.
On the other hand, a pure mechanical engineering solution should be applied to air conditioning to reducing energy consumption as replacing compressor by Stirling engine. Stirling engines are significant for low pollution and small noise, since the vibration is very low, with higher durability, simple structure, and capability to self-start; for these reasons, it can be used for air conditioning.
The newest models available from OkoFEN also incorporate a new Microgen Stirling engine for the production of electricity.
Electric vehicles have short battery life, long charging time, heavy metal pollution, spontaneous combustion in comparison with liquid air powered engines In this article a comprehensive approach is established to describe the construction of SolidWorks model of liquid nitrogen fueled Stirling engine. Schematics of assembly of different parts of the proposed cryogenic heat stirling engine is described.
The Stirling engine was originally patented 200 years ago as a safer alternative to the steam engines, which were increasingly being used in mines, factories and textile mills, and which were killing and maiming the Reverend Robert Stirling's parishioners.
[USPRwire, Thu Feb 25 2016] Micro Combined Heat & Power (Micro CHP) Market by Type (Engine, Fuel Cell), Technology (Internal Combustion Engine, Rankine Cycle Engine, Stirling Engine, PEMFC, SOFC), Application (Residential, Commercial), & Region - Global Forecast to 2020