The Sarkies brothers were the top hoteliers of the East and their hotels in Penang and Singapore dominated the hospitality industry in the Straits Settlements
for almost 50 years during that period.
Trade data presented in Through Turbulent Terrain make clear that neither the East India Company's foundation of Singapore in 1819 nor its transfer of the capital of the Straits Settlements
to that latter port thirteen years later doomed Penang to backwater status.
The volume for the year 2010 contains articles on positivism in international law: state sovereignty, self-determination, and alternative perspectives; partially virtual, partly real: Taiwan's unique interaction with international human rights instruments; international law in the Courts of the Straits settlements
; and why wield constitutions to arrest international law.
Both Leaders looked forward to the determination of the actual location of the points of the international boundary pursuant to the Agreement between the Government of Malaysia and the Government of the Republic of Singapore to Delimit Precisely the Territorial Waters Boundary in Accordance with the Straits Settlements
and Johore Territorial Waters Agreement 1927 signed on 7 August 1995.
Andrew Clarke, Governor of the Straits Settlements
(1873-75), believed that British traders all over the world should be assisted and protected, since they were building a British empire.
Always parsimonious concerning the Straits Settlements
, the EIC relied on Indian convicts to provide much of its labour in the region.
I was delighted to read of John Turnbull Thompson (1821-1884), first government surveyor of the Straits Settlements
from 1841-55, designer of Horsburgh lighthouse on Pedra Branca, and who migrated to New Zealand in 1856 becoming NZ's first surveyor-general 1876-79.
They relied principally on the system of opium revenue farming in the Straits Settlements
, which allowed private companies to hold monopolies over the distribution and sale of consumable opium in return for rent paid to the government.
Ashley was able to make inquiries about his father, a Private in the Straits Settlements
' Volunteer Force.
Straits Chinese refers to the Chinese born in the former Straits Settlements
(the three port cities of Malacca, Penang and Singapore which were under direct British rule) who were fiercely loyal to their territories and to the British colonial government (Lee & Chen, 2006).
Two years later Singapore was grouped together with other British possessions in the region to form the Straits Settlements
Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 Straits Settlements
; 2 Six; 3 Skittles; 4 Braganza; 5 The herring; 6 Coco Chanel; 7 Amelia Earhart; 8 Benjamin Britten; 9 Charlie Wilson's War; 10 Ottoman.