Others trekked north over windswept mountains through wolf and boar-filled forests to find the fertile straths that grace these lands.
From its commanding heights, warning of approaching danger could be passed quickly, by signal fires, from broch to broch throughout the length of the strath.
The strath is a vast, enduring monument to man's endeavour.
Holocene terraces are typified by straths in axial parts of neotectonic elevations only, and their rates of dissection have been highest in the Beskid Sadecki Mts.
Zuchiewicz (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1992, 1995), based on climato- and allostratigraphic subdivisions of Quaternary fluvial series in the Outer Carpathians, attempted to calculate the rates of erosional dissection of strath terraces in successive Pleistocene stages and to analyse different types of deformation of individual straths, distinguishing four "neotectonic phases": at the beginning of the Pleistocene, in the Early Pleistocene, at the Brunhes/Matuyama boundary (Interglacial II, Cromerian Complex), and in the Holsteinian ("Nowy Sacz Phase" of greatest intensity and extent).
In the southern Podhale region, minor disturbances in long terrace profiles are noticeable between Rzepisko and Oprzedkow Wierch, featuring dome-like warping of Elsterian straths and faulting of both Elsterian and Saalian sediments close to Ubocz Jurgowska and Rzepisko.
6) display minor deformations of long profiles of the Elsterian-2, Saalian-1 and Saalian-2 straths between Cisiec and Wieprz as well as south of Zywiec, coinciding with bedrock faults (Alexandrowicz, 1991).
In the Skawa River valley, deformations of Pleistocene straths document Late Pleistocene reactivation of the Silesian and, to a lesser extent, Magura frontal thrusts, as well as NNW-trending normal faults (cf.
Relative heights of straths tend to diminish in the Nowy Sacz Basin, and deformations visible between Gostwica and Brzezna appear to coincide with reactivated Miocene faults that cut the basin fill (Fig.
12) reveals faulted straths older than the Saalian-2 stage.
Long profiles of terraces mapped by Starkel (1965) in the middle segment (within the Carpathian reach) of the San River valley display both basin-(Rajskie-Solina) and dome-like (Myczkowce, Lesko) warping of Elsterian and Saalian straths (Fig.