74) Castello, A., Fischer, B., Eichelbaum, K., Horos, R., Beckmann, B.M., Strein
(12.) Li C, Balluz LS, Okoro CA, Strein
TW, Lin J-MS, Town M, et al.
A central tenet of a public health approach is its emphasis on prevention and early intervention with entire populations rather than individuals (Doll & Cummings, 2008; Strein
, Hoagwood, & Cohn, 2003).
In conjunction with evidence supporting a bidirectional link between children's academic achievement and their self-concept, such that academic achievement contributes to self-concept and self-concept contributes to academic achievement (Pajaras & Schunk, 2001; Strein
, 1993; Valentine, DuBois, & Cooper, 2004), the transactional model suggests that positive interactions with an adult can improve children's academic skills by providing support as children face academic challenges, such as reading.
left her husband's team in 1993 to strike out on her own.
Self-concept is generally defined as how one perceives oneself (Pajares & Schunk, 2001) and focuses on "descriptive and evaluative dimensions" (Strein
, 1993; p.
However, pre-service teachers have some unique concerns, such as being liked and accepted by students, relationships with college supervisors, classroom cooperative teachers and staff, and effectively dealing with mistakes in their teaching (Kaunitz, Spokane, Lissitz, & Strein
There are clearly challenging ethical and legal considerations related to sanctioned supervision that are confusing and perhaps intimidating (Cobia & Boes, 2000; Getz, 1999; Strein
& Hershenson, 1991; Thomas, 2005).
As a result, school counselors and psychologists are likely to work ineffectively in isolation, and many need assistance in working effectively together (Murphy, DeEsch, & Strein