This paper introduces a black light technique to capture the crepuscular strepsipteran
Elenchus koebelei Pierce (Strepsiptera: Elenchidae).
Each contained a single female strepsipteran
. The first was a male collected on 15 March 2010 at Encinitos Ranch, 18 mi SW of Rachal, Brooks County, Texas (JLN #33813) and the second a female at the Chaparral Wildlife Management Area, Dimmit County, Texas (JLN #33934) on 2 April 2010.
These parasitoids, the strepsipteran
Elenchus koebelei and the dryinid Pseudogonatopus arizonicus were found in only 8.3% and 0.03%, respectively, of hosts sampled.
At least 44 fire ant natural enemies have been identified in South America: Pseudacteon fly parasitoids (23 species), microsporidia (Vairimorpha invictae and Kneallhazia solenopsae),fungus (Myrmecomyces annellisae), nematodes (Allomermis solenopsi, Tetradonema solenopsis, and Hexamerma spp.), eucharitid wasps (5 species), scarab beetle (Martineziana dutertrei), strepsipteran
(Caenocholax fenyesi), parasitic ant (Solenopsis daguerrei), densovirus (Solenopsis invicta densovirus, SiDNV), and RNA viruses (3 viruses) (Wojcik et al.
-- A positive size correlation exists between the emerging adult male strepsipteran
parasite Caenocholax fenyesi Pierce and its host Solenopsis invicta Buren.
Caenocholax fenyesi Pierce sensu lato has been recorded from Mexico and the southern United States (Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas) (Kathirithamby & Taylor 2005).
Also in that habitat, dryinids (Hymenoptera) and strepsipterans
parasitized the most abun dant leafhoppers inhabiting edge grasses in winter, including S.