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n.1.A viceroy; a governor of a subah; also, a native captain in the British native army.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
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The Military Police Subahdar (the Burmese commander) tells Flory he has been waiting for orders while mayhem has proceeded and the club put in danger, so he, as the Briton, takes control and in a few minutes the crowd is dispersed (261-264).
(81) When Murshid Quli Khan took over as Nawab (1706) and later as Subahdar of Bengal (1717), the overall political context of the saltpeter trade gradually improved and stabilized, but at Patna the local nawab and his merchants continued to pose problems, especially for the English.
In the sixth sonnet, Hill evokes the names of "Malcolm and Frere, Colebrooke and Elphinstone" (145), former colonial officers in India, "good subahdars!" who, however misguided, worked to improve education, agriculture, and health conditions and attempted to codify laws in accordance with Indian customs and religious doctrine.