subaltern

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sub·al·tern

 (sŭb-ôl′tərn, sŭb′əl-tûrn′)
n.
1. A person who is lower in position or rank; a subordinate.
2.
a. A person who is marginalized and oppressed by the dominant culture, especially in a colonial context.
b. Such people considered as a group.
3. Chiefly British An officer holding a military rank just below that of captain.
4. Logic A particular proposition that follows from a universal with the same subject, predicate, and quality.

[French subalterne, from Old French, from Late Latin subalternus : Latin sub-, sub- + Latin alternus, alternate (from alter, other; see al- in Indo-European roots).]

sub·al′tern adj.

subaltern

(ˈsʌbəltən)
n
1. (Military) a commissioned officer below the rank of captain in certain armies, esp the British
2. a person of inferior rank or position
3. (Logic) logic
a. the relation of one proposition to another when the first is implied by the second, esp the relation of a particular to a universal proposition
b. (as modifier): a subaltern relation.
adj
of inferior position or rank
[C16: from Late Latin subalternus, from Latin sub- + alternus alternate, from alter the other]

sub•al•tern

(sʌbˈɔl tərn or, esp. for 3,6, ˈsʌb əlˌtɜrn)
n.
1. a person who has a subordinate position.
2. a commissioned officer in the British army below the rank of captain.
3. Logic. a particular proposition inferred from a corresponding universal proposition.
adj.
4. lower in rank; subordinate.
[1575–85; < Late Latin subalternus= Latin sub- sub- + alternus alternate]
sub`al•ter′ni•ty, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.subaltern - a British commissioned army officer below the rank of captain
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
commissioned military officer - a commissioned officer in the Army or Air Force or Marine Corps
Adj.1.subaltern - inferior in rank or status; "the junior faculty"; "a lowly corporal"; "petty officialdom"; "a subordinate functionary"
junior - younger; lower in rank; shorter in length of tenure or service

subaltern

adjective
Below another in standing or importance:
Informal: smalltime.
noun
One belonging to a lower class or rank:
Translations
ذو مَرْكِز أو رُتْبَه ثانويَّه
nižší důstojník
undirforingi
jaunesnysis karininkas
jaunākais virsnieks
nižší dôstojník
ast rütbeli subay

subaltern

[ˈsʌbltən] N (Brit) (Mil) → alférez mf

subaltern

n (Brit, Mil) → Subalternoffizier(in) m(f)

subaltern

[ˈsʌbltn] n (Mil) → subalterno

subaltern

(ˈsabltən) , ((American) səˈbo:ltərn) noun
an officer in the army under the rank of captain.
References in classic literature ?
Every one knows how subalterns are, by brother subalterns, softened and not permitted to be ferocious.
Some five years before, the Colonel commanding had looked into the fourteen fearless eyes of seven plump and juicy subalterns who had all applied to enter the Staff Corps, and had asked them why the three stars should he, a colonel of the Line, command a dashed nursery for double-dashed bottle- suckers who put on condemned tin spurs and rode qualified mokes at the hiatused heads of forsaken Black Regiments.
Everybody admired her there; everybody danced with her; but no one proposed who was worth the marrying--one or two exceedingly young subalterns sighed after her, and a beardless civilian or two, but she rejected these as beneath her pretensions--and other and younger virgins than Glorvina were married before her.
At present he ranks simply as senior Harpooneer; and as such, is but one of the captain's more inferior subalterns.
The leaders, of course, observed a due decorum, but some of the subalterns could not restrain their chuckling exultation, boasting that they would soon plant the British standard on the walls of Astoria, and drive the Americans out of the country.
A group of soldiers, a quartermaster, and several subalterns came up to the balcony with Vronsky.
The Chaplain moved on through the dust, and privates, sergeants, and subalterns called one another's attention to the boy.
Here Guitant spoke to one of the subalterns, asking how matters were progressing.
The conduct of a second party, whose route lay by Blackfriars, was entrusted to a committee of management, including perhaps a dozen men: while the third, which was to go by London Bridge, and through the main streets, in order that their numbers and their serious intentions might be the better known and appreciated by the citizens, were led by Simon Tappertit (assisted by a few subalterns, selected from the Brotherhood of United Bulldogs), Dennis the hangman, Hugh, and some others.
She had jilted them all - from Basset-Holmer the senior captain to little Mildred the junior subaltern, who could have given her four thousand a year and a title.
My father knew a subaltern officer of that name when he was with his regiment in Canada.
The object of never deceiving oneself, monseigneur; nor being wanting in the respect which a subaltern owes to his superior officers, nor infringing the duties of a service one has accepted of one's own free will.