martingale(redirected from Submartingale)
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Related to Submartingale: martingales
mar·tin·gale(mär′tn-gāl′) also mar·tin·gal (-găl′)
1. The strap of a horse's harness that connects the girth to the noseband and is designed to prevent the horse from throwing back its head.
2. Nautical Any of several parts of standing rigging strengthening the bowsprit and jib boom against the force of the head stays.
3. Games A method of gambling in which one doubles the stakes after each loss.
4. A loose half belt or strap placed on the back of a garment, such as a coat or jacket.
[French, martingale, from Provençal martegalo, martingale rigging parts, martingale harness strap, game in which the stakes double after each loss, from feminine of martegal, person from the town of Martigues in southeast France (the game being so called from the reputation of the people of Martigues for naiveté and extravagance, due to the town's unconventional, isolated location on a canal linking a lagoon to the Mediterranean Sea).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Horse Training, Riding & Manège) a strap from the reins to the girth of a horse preventing it from carrying its head too high
2. (Gambling, except Cards) any gambling system in which the stakes are raised, usually doubled, after each loss
3. (Nautical Terms) nautical
a. a chain or cable running from a jib boom to the dolphin striker, serving to counteract strain
b. another term for dolphin striker
[C16: from French, of uncertain origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
1. part of the tack or harness of a horse, consisting of a strap that fastens to the girth, passes between the forelegs, and fastens to the noseband or reins: used to steady the horse's head.
2. a stay for a jib boom or bowsprit.
3. a system of gambling in which the stakes are doubled or otherwise raised after each loss.
[1580–90; < Middle French: kind of hose, allegedly derivative of Occitan martegal, inhabitant of Martigue, town in SE France]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
A leather strap attached at one end to a Girth, then running between the front legs of a horse and up to the Bridle bit, and used to control the upper movement of the horse’s head. It was primarily used with saddled horses and not with harness and workhorses.
1001 Words and Phrases You Never Knew You Didn’t Know by W.R. Runyan Copyright © 2011 by W.R. Runyan
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|Noun||1.||martingale - a harness strap that connects the nose piece to the girth; prevents the horse from throwing back its head|
harness - stable gear consisting of an arrangement of leather straps fitted to a draft animal so that it can be attached to and pull a cart
|2.||martingale - spar under the bowsprit of a sailboat|
spar - a stout rounded pole of wood or metal used to support rigging
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
n (Horseriding) → Martingal nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007