Volumetric evaluation of the mammary gland and pectoralis major muscle following subglandular and submuscular
Ultrastructure of interstitial cells of Cajal at the colonic submuscular
border in patients with ulcerative colitis.
The ulnar nerve may be compressed at five anatomical sites proximally to distally: at the arcade of Struthers, the medial intermuscular septum, epicondylar groove, Osborne's ligament (the roof of the actual boundary of the cubital tunnel), and flexor-pronator aponeurosis; the epicondylar groove and Osborne's ligament are the most frequent areas., The effective surgical treatment for nerve entrapment is timely decompression, involving several controversial approaches typically involving one of the following: in situ decompression (open or endoscopic), medial epicondylectomy, or anterior transposition (subcutaneous, submuscular
, or intramuscular).,,,,,, None of these are considered superior to the others.
Early experience with high thoracic epidural anesthesia in outpatient submuscular
The ulnar nerve was transposed to a submuscular
position with the flexor-pronator mass, which was reattached over the top.
Following SSM or NSM, the pectoralis major muscle was elevated starting from its lateral border and both sternal and inferior attachments below the inframammary fold were released with meticulous dissection that allowed the surgeon to stay strictly within the submuscular
Liu, "Loss of intramuscular and submuscular
interstitial cells of Cajal and associated enteric nerves is related to decreased gastric emptying in streptozotocin-induced diabetes," Neurogastroenterology & Motility, vol.
At this point, if expanders were used, the pectoralis major muscle was lifted off of the chest wall sharply to allow for a submuscular
pocket to cover the superior and superiormedial portions of the expander.
Complications associated with pectoral cardioverterdefibrillator implantation: comparison of subcutaneous and submuscular
A technical modification to TE-based breast reconstruction is the use of the acellular dermal matrix (ADM) of either human or bovine origin, which allows creation of the submuscular
pocket by mobilization of only the pectoralis major muscle [25, 26].
Pessa, "The anatomy and clinical implications of perioral submuscular
fat," Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol.