substitution reaction

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Related to Substitution reactions: addition reactions
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substitution reaction

n (Chem) → reazione f di sostituzione
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Among their topics are addressing the challenges of stand-alone multi-core simulations in molecular dynamics, an analytical solution of the pantograph equation with incommensurate delay, the mechanism of nucleophilic substitution reactions of 4-(4'-nitro) phenylnitrobenzofurazan ether with aniline in acetonitrile, computational methods in pre-formulation study for pharmaceutical solid dosage forms of therapeutic proteins, and elemental two-dimensional materials beyond graphene.
In the preparation of dyes intermediates the nucleophilic or electrophilic substitution reactions are involved [11].
Biphenyl analogues were synthesized by using general synthetic route involving nucleophilic substitution reactions on functional biphenyl analogues.
Objective: "Enzymatic nucleophilic substitution reactions are ubiquitous as key steps in biochemical processes of living cells.
This kind of modification of [pi]-systems has been achieved through conventional electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions such as Friedel--Crafts reactions.
Chemists and materials scientists explore synthesizing aromatic compounds with aromatization reactions mediated by transition metals, as an alternative to the conventional route of substitution reactions of the aromatic nucleus.
This type of catalysis has wide range of applications, especially in nucleophilic substitution reactions and reactions involving deprotonation of weak organic acids [4].
Polymerizable derivatives are formed by nucleophilic and electrophilic substitution reactions.
Similarly, in case of Nucleophilic substitution reactions involving Nitrobenzene and aniline involving a very unstable base like Tetramethylammonium Hydroxide, reaction can occur very fast due to ease of removal of water from process at relatively low temperature, providing good conversion and selectivity to useful intermediates.
To obtain St/DVB resins containing phosphinic and phosphinic acid groups, aromatic electrophilic substitution reactions on a commercial polymeric resin were conducted with PC[l.
As a result, precursor substitution reactions are often utilized to increase the length of these substituents in attempt to tailor the reaction kinetics.
With its emphasis on coordination chemistry but coverage of bioinorganic chemistry and instrumental analysis as well, the authors describe the history of early developments in inorganic chemistry and include five experiments with each topic, covering Werner's notion and the synthesis and analysis of cobalt ammine coordination compounds, molecular geometry and stability through solid and solution phase analysis, substitution reactions, electron transfer reactions, metals in medicine (including the synthesis and biological reactivity of a platinum anti-cancer drug), metals in environmental bioremediation and in molecular biology, and oxidation of a natural production by a catalyst.