substrate

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Related to Substrate specificity: Lock and Key Model, Lock and Key Theory

sub·strate

 (sŭb′strāt′)
n.
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
2. Biology A surface on which an organism grows or is attached.
3. An underlying layer; a substratum.
4. Linguistics An indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population.

[From substratum.]

substrate

(ˈsʌbstreɪt)
n
1. (Biochemistry) biochem the substance upon which an enzyme acts
2. another word for substratum
3. (Electronics) electronics the semiconductor base on which other material is deposited, esp in the construction of integrated circuits

sub•strate

(ˈsʌb streɪt)

n.
1. the surface or medium on which an organism lives or grows.
2. the substance acted upon by an enzyme.
3. the foundation on which an integrated electronic circuit is formed or fabricated.
[1570–80; variant of substratum]

sub·strate

(sŭb′strāt′)
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts. See Note at enzyme.
2. The surface on which plants, algae, or certain animals, such as barnacles, live or grow. A substrate may serve as a source of food for an organism or simply provide support.

substrate

- The surface on which an organism lives or moves.
See also related terms for moves.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.substrate - the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
substance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"
2.substrate - a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; "the gardener talked about the proper substrate for acid-loving plants"
surface - the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object; "they skimmed over the surface of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
3.substrate - any stratum or layer lying underneath another
stratum - one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock)
4.substrate - an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population; "the Celtic languages of Britain are a substrate for English"
indigenous language - a language that originated in a specified place and was not brought to that place from elsewhere
Translations
kasvualusta
sottostratosubstrato

substrate

n (Chem) → Substrat nt
References in periodicals archive ?
The vegetable source of enzymes are most important because of their unique properties of substrate specificity, enantiomeric and regio selectivity (Krishna et al.
Such methods display poor substrate specificity, low throughput and can be costly in cases where a laboratory needs to outsource testing with a particular assay containing hundreds of compounds.
Members of each class are very similar on the basis of substrate specificity and sequence conservation (they share >90% of nucleic acid or amino acid sequence identity).
This sequence diversity implies functional diversity, including diverse substrate specificity and a distinct regio-selective mode of action (Altaner et al.
The APC/C is a multi-subunit cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase that controls progression through the cell cycle by a temporal regulation of its activity and substrate specificity.
Moser, Modelled Ligand-Protein Complexes Elucidate the Origin of Substrate Specificity and Provide Insight into Catalytic Mechanisms of Phenylalanine Hydroxylase and Tyrosine Hydroxylase, J.
Lipases and their broad substrate specificity, coupled to the diversity of reactions catalyzed by these enzymes, make it difficult to define a universal test for lipase activity.
A 2011 paper stated, "Of particular importance for glucose sensors is the enzyme's substrate specificity.
After taking a pretest, participants attended a lecture on substrate specificity of enzymes.
Substrate specificity, regulation, and polymorphism of human cytochrome P450 2B6.
The physiological roles of acid phosphatase are not well understood because of the heterogeneity and lack of substrate specificity (Duff et al.