substrate

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Related to Substrate specificity: Lock and Key Model, Lock and Key Theory

sub·strate

 (sŭb′strāt′)
n.
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.
2. Biology A surface on which an organism grows or is attached.
3. An underlying layer; a substratum.
4. Linguistics An indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population.

[From substratum.]

substrate

(ˈsʌbstreɪt)
n
1. (Biochemistry) biochem the substance upon which an enzyme acts
2. another word for substratum
3. (Electronics) electronics the semiconductor base on which other material is deposited, esp in the construction of integrated circuits

sub•strate

(ˈsʌb streɪt)

n.
1. the surface or medium on which an organism lives or grows.
2. the substance acted upon by an enzyme.
3. the foundation on which an integrated electronic circuit is formed or fabricated.
[1570–80; variant of substratum]

sub·strate

(sŭb′strāt′)
1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts. See Note at enzyme.
2. The surface on which plants, algae, or certain animals, such as barnacles, live or grow. A substrate may serve as a source of food for an organism or simply provide support.

substrate

- The surface on which an organism lives or moves.
See also related terms for moves.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.substrate - the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
substance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"
2.substrate - a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; "the gardener talked about the proper substrate for acid-loving plants"
surface - the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object; "they skimmed over the surface of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
3.substrate - any stratum or layer lying underneath another
stratum - one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock)
4.substrate - an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population; "the Celtic languages of Britain are a substrate for English"
indigenous language - a language that originated in a specified place and was not brought to that place from elsewhere
Translations
kasvualusta
sottostratosubstrato

substrate

n (Chem) → Substrat nt
References in periodicals archive ?
Our understanding of protein conformation, thermostability, substrate specificity and action in water lipid interfaces will lead to a more rational design of novel food processing enzymes and studies currently being undertaken on enzymes responsible for certain processing events, such as meat tenderisation will again lead to novel ways of enhancing or controlling such events.
Determination of Substrate Specificity and Relative Activity of Uptake and Efflux Transporters in a New Cell Line: OATP1B1-Transfected MDR1-MDCK Cells (Poster #T3407) Author: Wei Zhang, et al.
The substrate specificity of the purified laccase was determined by measuring the steady the state velocities of the laccase-catalyzed reaction using 2,6-dimethoxyphenol, catechol, m-cresol, pyrogallol, and syringaldazine at various concentrations.
The transporters have wide substrate specificity, and this binding to many compounds can result in inhibition of activity by competing substrates.
As is known from investigations on the substrate specificity of tTG (15), this enzyme prefers a Q residue in gliadin for deamidation if it is followed two positions in the direction to the COOH terminus by a P and then by an F.
Substrate Specificity in the Subtilisin-like Proprotein Convertases: A Role for Hydrophobic Amino Acids Adjacent to and Within the Substrate Cleavage Recognition Sequence.
To the Editor: In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, secondary beta-lactamases with extended substrate specificity can be responsible for acquired resistance to the most powerful antipseudomonal beta-lactams, such as expanded-spectrum cephalosporins and carbapenems (1).
Substrate specificity, kinetic mechanism and oligomeric states of cyclomaltodextrinase from alkalophillic Bacillus sp.
This enzyme has a pH profile, temperature profile, robustness and protein substrate specificity that make it ideal for DNA extraction in a closed tube.
The phase I enzymes would be hard to manipulate because of a wide variation in substrate specificity and relative paucity of broadly effective inhibitors.
The procedure takes advantage of the substrate specificity of k exonuclease for the 5'-phosphorylated form of dsDNA (5).