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 (sŭl′fō-răf′ăn′, -rā′făn′)
A sulfureous phytochemical compound, C6H11NOS2, occurring in cruciferous vegetables and acting as an anticancer agent, antimicrobial, and antioxidant.

[sulfo- + -raphane (blend of New Latin Raphanus, genus name, from Latin, radish, from Greek rhaphanos -ane).]
References in periodicals archive ?
They contain sulforaphane, previously found to act as an antibiotic.
Broccoli contains sulforaphane, a compound that helps stabilize NRF2 levels in the lungs.
When UCLA researchers treated older mice With sulforaphane, the chemical found in cruciferous vegetables, their immune response increased to the level of younger mice.
The research, published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, shows that sulforaphane, which is a chemical in broccoli, switches on a set of antioxidant genes and enzymes in specific immune cells.
The effect of Sulforaphane on the immune system was studied using BALB/c mice.
Dextophane is made with the plant compound sulforaphane that has been identified in sprouts of garden cress as a stimulator of detoxification and antioxidant enzymes.
The compound sulforaphane, whose natural precursors occur at high levels in broccoli, was originally identified as the chemical responsible for its anti-cancer properties.
Some people who gain less cancer protection from the green vegetable may be able to compensate for the difference in their genetic make-up by eating the super variety, with higher levels of the active plant chemical sulforaphane.
Researchers have determined that when sulforaphane, a compound found in broccoli, is applied to the skin of cancer-prone mice after sun exposure, they develop fewer skin tumors then they otherwise would.
The sprouts even can "suppress and relieve the accompanying gastritis." The chemical compound in the sprouts is sulforaphane, an anti-oxidant that attacks the bacterium in its earliest stages of growth.
And just for the record, those are sinigrin and sulforaphane which give the hated sprout its pungent taste.
Their scientific findings relating to SGS (sulforaphane glucosinolate) may help to explain the widely recognized clinical data linking nutrition and cancer and supporting generations of moms' admonitions to "eat your vegetables."