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A sulfonamide antibiotic, C10H11N3O3S, that is used especially in combination with trimethoprim to treat bacterial urinary tract infections, other bacterial infections, and infections caused by certain fungi and parasites.


(ˌsʌl fə mɛθˈɒk səˌzoʊl)

an antimicrobial substance, C10H11N3O3S, used to treat urinary-tract and skin infections.
[1955–60; sulfa (nilamide) + meth (yl) + (is)oxazole]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sulfamethoxazole - a sulfonamide (trade name Gantanol) used to treat infections (especially infections of the urinary tract)
sulfa, sulfa drug, sulfonamide, sulpha - antibacterial consisting of any of several synthetic organic compounds capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria that require PABA


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References in periodicals archive ?
There exist strong association amongst the prevalence of oxytetracycline resistance with streptomycin and sulphamethoxazole /trimethoprim resistance in E.
Elimination of chloramphenicol, sulphamethoxazole and oxytetracycline in shrimp, Penaeus chinensis following medicated-feed treatment.
75 Sulphamethoxazole Diameter of inhibition Antimicrobial agent Resistance intermediate sensitive Amikacin 14 or less 14-16 17 or more Cefotaxime 14 or less 15-17 18 or more Cefepime 17 or less 18-22 23 or more Chloramphenicol 12 or less 13-17 18 or more Ciprofloxacin 27 or less 28-29 30 or more Erythromycin 13 or less 14-17 18 or more Flumequine 13 or less 14-15 16 or more Gentamicin 12 or less 13-14 15 or more Tobramycin 15 or less 16-18 19 or more Levofloxacin 16 or less 17-19 20 or more Ofloxacin 12 or less 13-15 16 or more Piperacillin 18 or less 19-21 22 or more Meropenem 21 or less 22-24 25 or more Tetracycline 14 or less 15-18 19 or more Trimethoprim + 10 or less 11-15 16 or more Sulphamethoxazole Table 4: natural medicinal plants.
coli infection to Sulphonamides, Oxytetracycline, Trimethoprim + Sulphamethoxazole and Chloramphenicol, medium susceptibility to Streptomycin, Nalidixic acid, Oxalinic acid, Flumequine and Enrofloxacin and high susceptibility to Ampicillin, Gentamicin, Nitrofurans, Colistins and Rifampin Antibiotics.
70%) trimethoprim / sulphamethoxazole (69%) cefpirome (68%) and ciprofloxacin (60%) as shown in Table-III.
AmpicillinSalbactum (10 / 10 ug), Ceftazidime (30 ug), ciprofloxacin (5 ug), meropenum (10 ug), gentamycin (10 ug), Amikacin (30 ug), Pipercillin - tazobactum (100 / 10 ug), Cefipime (30 ug), Cephtriazone (30 ug), Tetracycline (30 ug) and Trimethoprime - sulphamethoxazole (1.
The antibiotics used for this test were Amoxyclav, Cephalexin, Ciproflaxacin, Clindamycin, Cloxacillin, Co-Trimaxazole, Erythromycin, Tetracyclin, Ampicillin, Carbenicilllin, Cephatoxamine, Chloramphenicol, Co-Trimazine, Gentamicin, Norflaxacin, Oxacillin, Amikacin, Bacitracin, Novobiocin, Vancomycin, Penicillin-G, Tobramycin, Cephaloridine, Kanamycin, Linomycin, Methicillin, Oleandomycin, Nalidixic acid, Sulphamethoxazole, Cefactor, Cefixime, Piperacillin and Cefoperazone.
Susceptibilities of the following antibiotics were tested; Amoxicillin/Clavulanic acid (Augmentin), Fusidic acid, Penicillin, Methicillin/Oxacillin, Gentamicin and Trimethoprim/ Sulphamethoxazole at 20, 10, 10, 5/1, 10 and 1.
Sulphamethoxazole resistance determinants sul1 and sul2 were identified by PCR amplification using gene specific primers (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, USA).
Cotrimoxazole, a combination of sulphamethoxazole and trimethoprim is a broad spectrum antibacterial agent with proven efficacy in the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria (6-8).
The study carried out in two hospitals -- Ujjain Charitable Trust Hospital in Ujjain and Chandrikaben Rashmikant Gardi Hospital at Surasa -- in Madhya Pradesh found water discharged as effluent carried many types of commonly used antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, norfloxacin, sulphamethoxazole, ceftriaxone, ofloxacin, levofloxacin and tinidazole.