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An island of western Indonesia in the Indian Ocean south of the Malay Peninsula. Long an important stopping point on the trading route between China and India, the island came under Dutch control in the 1600s, becoming part of the Dutch East Indies in 1800. Sumatra joined newly independent Indonesia in 1949.
Su·ma′tran adj. & n.
(Placename) a mountainous island in W Indonesia, in the Greater Sunda Islands, separated from the Malay Peninsula by the Strait of Malacca: Dutch control began in the 16th century; joined Indonesia in 1945. Northern coastal areas, esp Aceh province, suffered devastation as a result of the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Pop: 42 409 510 (2000). Area: 473 606 sq km (182 821 sq miles). Indonesian spelling: Sumatera
an island in the W part of Indonesia. 28,016,160; 164,147 sq. mi. (425,141 sq. km).
Su•ma′tran, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Sumatra - a mountainous island in western Indonesia|
Dutch East Indies, Indonesia, Republic of Indonesia - a republic in southeastern Asia on an archipelago including more than 13,000 islands; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1945; the principal oil producer in the Far East and Pacific regions
Medan - a city in Indonesia; located in northeastern Sumatra
Sumatran - a native or inhabitant of Sumatra