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An ancient country of southern Mesopotamia in present-day southern Iraq. Archaeological evidence dates the beginnings of Sumer to the fifth millennium bc. By 3000 a flourishing civilization existed, which gradually exerted power over the surrounding area and culminated in the Akkadian dynasty, founded c. 2300 by Sargon I. Sumer declined after 2000 and was later absorbed by Babylonia and Assyria. The Sumerians are believed to have invented the cuneiform system of writing.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Placename) the S region of Babylonia; seat of a civilization of city-states that reached its height in the 3rd millennium bc
2. (Historical Terms) the S region of Babylonia; seat of a civilization of city-states that reached its height in the 3rd millennium bc
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈsu mər)

an ancient region in S Mesopotamia containing a number of independent cities and city-states, fl. c3200–2000 b.c.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day IraqSumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Babylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
Ur - an ancient city of Sumer located on a former channel of the Euphrates River
Enki - water god and god of wisdom; counterpart of the Akkadian Ea
Enlil, En-lil - god of the air and king of the Sumerian gods
Ereshkigal, Eresh-kigal, Ereshkigel - goddess of death and consort of Nergal
Inanna - consort of Dumuzi (Tammuz)
Ki - goddess personifying earth; counterpart of Akkadian Aruru
Nammu - goddess personifying the primeval sea; mother of the gods and of heaven and earth
Namtar, Namtaru - a demon personifying death; messenger of the underworld goddess Ereshkigal bringing death to mankind
Nanna - god of the Moon; counterpart of the Akkadian Sin
Ninhursag, Ninkharsag, Ninkhursag - the great mother goddess; worshipped also as Aruru and Mama and Nintu
Ninib, Ninurta - a solar deity; firstborn of Bel and consort was Gula; god of war and the chase and agriculture; sometimes identified with biblical Nimrod
Utu, Utug - sun god; counterpart of Akkadian Shamash
Zu, Zubird - evil storm god represented as a black bird
Enkidu - legendary friend of Gilgamish
Gilgamish - legendary Sumerian king and hero of Sumerian and Babylonian epics
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(140) For the great prince who travels through the land, (141-44) the lords, rulers, incantation priests of Eridu, and linen-clad priests of Sumer performed the lustration purification rites of the Abzu.
Ask students to imagine that they lived in Sumer, the world's first civilization, in about 3000 B.C.
Sumer wants to recreate the famous painting Le Bain Turc, by Jean-Auguste Dominique Ingres.
5 Nino Pirrotta was the first to make this point explicitly in 'On the Problem of "Sumer Is Icumen In"', Musica Disciplina, ii (1948), 205-16, at 207-8.
One might argue that this is just the sort of thing that discourages big con- sumer purchases, but some cosmologists contend we're lucky to have had cracks in creation.
Ungers' four-storey cube sits on a 100 x 70 m podium with angled sides, a white temple of Western culture standing on a truncated pyramid, intended to symbolise the victory of rationality and enlightenment over the ancient civilisations of Egypt and Sumer. Around the podium clad in Swedish red granite, Ian Hamilton Finlay has carved a quotation from Saint Juste, `Heimat ist nicht das Land, sie ist Gemeinschaft der Gefuhle'.
In a press statement released on Saturday, the Mindanao Development Authority (MinDA) through its Secretary Emmanuel Pinol will forge an agreement with the government of Turkey through its Ambassador to the Philippines Artemiz Sumer to help the region's agriculture sector.
A source in the media of the provincial police department told NINA that "a detachment of the Sumer police station was able and after intelligence information to arrest one of the defendants in robbery, who is wanted to be judiciary according to Article (441).
The injured have been shifted to the Regency Hospital, according to Ram Sumer, chief of Ordnance Factory Hospital.
Ledson said in the sumer: "It would be good for me to go out on loan.