Sumer

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Su·mer

 (so͞o′mər)
An ancient country of southern Mesopotamia in present-day southern Iraq. Archaeological evidence dates the beginnings of Sumer to the fifth millennium bc. By 3000 a flourishing civilization existed, which gradually exerted power over the surrounding area and culminated in the Akkadian dynasty, founded c. 2300 by Sargon I. Sumer declined after 2000 and was later absorbed by Babylonia and Assyria. The Sumerians are believed to have invented the cuneiform system of writing.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Sumer

(ˈsuːmə)
n
1. (Placename) the S region of Babylonia; seat of a civilization of city-states that reached its height in the 3rd millennium bc
2. (Historical Terms) the S region of Babylonia; seat of a civilization of city-states that reached its height in the 3rd millennium bc
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Su•mer

(ˈsu mər)

n.
an ancient region in S Mesopotamia containing a number of independent cities and city-states, fl. c3200–2000 b.c.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day IraqSumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Babylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
Ur - an ancient city of Sumer located on a former channel of the Euphrates River
Enki - water god and god of wisdom; counterpart of the Akkadian Ea
Enlil, En-lil - god of the air and king of the Sumerian gods
Ereshkigal, Eresh-kigal, Ereshkigel - goddess of death and consort of Nergal
Inanna - consort of Dumuzi (Tammuz)
Ki - goddess personifying earth; counterpart of Akkadian Aruru
Nammu - goddess personifying the primeval sea; mother of the gods and of heaven and earth
Namtar, Namtaru - a demon personifying death; messenger of the underworld goddess Ereshkigal bringing death to mankind
Nanna - god of the Moon; counterpart of the Akkadian Sin
Ninhursag, Ninkharsag, Ninkhursag - the great mother goddess; worshipped also as Aruru and Mama and Nintu
Ninib, Ninurta - a solar deity; firstborn of Bel and consort was Gula; god of war and the chase and agriculture; sometimes identified with biblical Nimrod
Utu, Utug - sun god; counterpart of Akkadian Shamash
Zu, Zubird - evil storm god represented as a black bird
Enkidu - legendary friend of Gilgamish
Gilgamish - legendary Sumerian king and hero of Sumerian and Babylonian epics
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
This was the Sumerian Civilization in Mesopotamia, now Iraq.
NASSERIYA, IRAQ (NINA) - A police force from Dhi Qar province on Saturday recovered 16 pieces of Sumerian civilization in Jokha hill in Rifai district, 80 km north of Nasiriyah.
"The history of the citadel goes back to 2600 B.C., which was built during the Sumerian Civilization Era," Abulkarim noted.
He added that the mission, in association with the University of Thi-Qar, organized a lecture on the effect of environment on the Sumerian civilization and would arrange for another one in English on ancient languages in addition to a concluding five-day workshop for the students of the mass communication college on antiquities, tourism and the media.
Ur of the Chaldees, as it is called in the Bible, was one of the great urban centers of the Sumerian civilization and remained an important city until its conquest by Alexander the Great.
In a brilliant revisioning of vampire history that parallels human history, Butler maps Ina history, from early writings on clay tablets, references to the site of the Sumerian civilization, nomadic life, settled agricultural communities to the present.
A major factor of this process was the rise of the city of Uruk (modern Warka, or biblical Erech, situated approximately fifteen kilometres north of modern day Samawa in southern Iraq), which most likely was the cultural, religious, and economic centre of the Sumerian civilization.
The series of short presentations will reflect the history of Bahrain since the Sumerian civilization through the Assyrian, Babylonian, Dilmun, Hellenistic, pre-Islam and the Islamic era in addition to the periods of the Persian and Portuguese occupation.
Ur of the Chaldees was one of the great urban centers of the Sumerian civilization of southern Iraq and remained an important city until its conquest by Alexander the Great a few centuries before Christ.