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A city of northeast England on the North Sea east-southeast of Newcastle. It was established as a shipbuilding center in the 1300s on the site of a Saxon community.
1. (Placename) a city and port in NE England, in Sunderland unitary authority, Tyne and Wear, at the mouth of the River Wear: formerly known for shipbuilding, now has car manufacturing, chemicals; university (1992). Pop: 177 739 (2001)
2. (Placename) a unitary authority in NE England, in Tyne and Wear. Pop: 283 100 (2003 est). Area: 138 sq km (53 sq miles)
Sun•der•land(ˈsʌn dər lənd)
a seaport in Tyne and Wear, in NE England. 298,000.