Josephson effect

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Jo·seph·son effect

 (jō′zəf-sən, -səf-)
The effect associated with the tunneling of electron pairs across an insulating barrier separating two superconductors.

[After Brian David Josephson (born 1940), British physicist.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Josephson effect

(General Physics) physics any one of the phenomena which occur when an electric current passes through a very thin insulating layer between two superconducting substances. The applications include the very precise standardization of the volt
[C20: named after Brian David Josephson (born 1940), Welsh physicist; shared the Nobel prize for physics in 1973]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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Superconducting detectors, including superconducting nanowire detectors [5], superconducting tunnel junctions [6], and transition-edge sensors (TES) [7], etc., show great prospects in these applications.

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