superelevation


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to superelevation: centrifugal force

superelevation

(ˌsuːpərˌɛlɪˈveɪʃən)
n
1. (Civil Engineering) another name for bank27
2. (Civil Engineering) the difference between the heights of the sides of a road or railway track on a bend

bank1

(bæŋk)
n.
1. a long pile or heap; mass: a bank of earth; a bank of clouds.
2. a slope or acclivity.
3. the slope immediately bordering a stream course along which the water normally runs.
4. a broad elevation of the sea floor around which the water is relatively shallow but not a hazard to surface navigation.
5. Also called cant. the inclination of the bed of a banked road or track.
6. the lateral inclination of an aircraft, esp. during a turn.
7. the cushion of a billiard table.
v.t.
8. to border with or like a bank; embank: banking the flooded river with sandbags.
9. to form into a bank or heap: to bank snow along a path.
10. to build (a road or track) with an upward slope from the inner edge to the outer edge at a curve.
11. to tip or incline (an airplane) laterally.
12. (in billiards or pool)
a. to drive (a ball) to the cushion.
b. to pocket (the object ball) by driving it against the bank.
13. to cover (a fire) with ashes or fuel to make it burn long and slowly.
v.i.
14. to build up in or form banks, as clouds or snow.
15. (of an airplane) to tip or incline laterally.
16. (of a road or track) to slope upward from the inner edge to the outer edge at a curve.
[1150–1200; Middle English banke, Old English hōbanca couch, c. Old Norse bakki elevation, hill < Germanic *bank-ōn-; compare bank3, bench]

bank2

(bæŋk)
n.
1. an institution for receiving, lending, and safeguarding money and transacting other financial business.
2. the stock of pieces drawn upon by players in the course of a game, as dominoes.
3. the person or office in a gambling house that holds and distributes cash.
4. a storage place: blood bank; sperm bank.
5. a store or reserve.
v.i.
6. to keep money in or have an account with a bank.
v.t.
7. to deposit in a bank.
8. bank on, to count on; depend on.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Middle French banque < Italian banca table, counter, moneychanger's table < Germanic; compare Old High German bank bench]

bank3

(bæŋk)
n.
1. an arrangement of objects in a line or in tiers: a bank of lights.
2. a bench for rowers in a galley.
3. the group of rowers occupying one bench or rowing one oar.
4. a number of similar devices connected to act together: a bank of transformers.
v.t.
5. to arrange in a bank.
[1200–50; Middle English bank(e) < Old French banc bench < Germanic; see bank1]
Translations

superelevation

n (of bend)Überhöhung f
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, superelevation, or banking, of the outside edge of the curve was also incorporated into the design of highways and parkways.
Superelevation was measured along the curve with a carpenter's level.
Since 1985, FHWA has emphasized a subset of the design criteria contained in adopted standards by designating them as the 13 controlling criteria: design speed, lane width, shoulder width, bridge width, horizontal alignment, superelevation, vertical alignment, grade, stopping sight distance, cross slope, vertical clearance, horizontal clearance, and structural capacity.
The high torsional strength of box girder makes it particularly suitable for sharp curve alignment so as to accommodate to topography along traffic lines, skewed piers and abutment, superelevation, and transitions such as interchange ramp structures.
Thus, in evaluating the geometric limit of a motorcycle on a curve, superelevation is an important factor to consider.
Barrel superelevation as well as pitch and cant angles are provided by internal clinometers, sensors measuring also atmospheric temperature and pressure while cross wind data are manually provided by the operator who also selects the ammunition type.
Figure 9 presents the left and the right superelevation (eight shape) flight assessment corridor.
This is very important for traffic safety and for lowering the expenses of railway repair and supervision, because even small changes can sometimes cause derailment, for example, superelevation can markedly change acting forces and vehicle behaviour having a negative impact on rolling stock wheels and rail wear.
A sampling of topics: modeling tree-induced effects on pedestrian exposure to road traffic pollution, biofuels, improving safety and sustainability of urban transport surfaces through the recycling of reclaimed extinguishing powders, analysis of the interaction between travel demand and rail capacity constraints, tunnel lighting design, urban car sharing, online monitoring of essential components of rail transport, evaluating superelevation in relation to drainage requirements and vehicle dynamics, and a design framework for measuring transit oriented development.
But Mr Foot said the radius of curves, their superelevation, the gradients and the sight lines of motorways were all determined with a top speed of 70mph in mind.
In more recent theory, Jacques Derrida in his The Truth in Painting stressed that the sublime depends on "superelevation": "very high, absolutely high, higher than any comparable height, more than comparative, a size not measurable in height, the sublime is superelevation beyond itself" (The Truth 122).