Suprahyoid

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Related to Suprahyoid muscles: Infrahyoid muscles, Stylohyoid muscle, Cervical muscles

Su`pra`hy´oid


a.1.(Anat.) Hyomental.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The suprahyoid muscles are considered to be strategic for deglutition, since they participate in motor reflex mechanisms, lowering and stabilization of the mandible, elevation and forward movement of the hyoid bone, and have insertion with tongue musculature (9,10).
Hyoid bone and part of anterior and posterior suprahyoid muscles regulate the position of tongue relative to upper and lower jaws and angulation and length of the floor of mouth.
They assessed the EMG activity of the masseter, temporalis, and suprahyoid muscles in 34 children aged 8-12 years: 17 children with TMD and 17 without TMD.
The head postured in a more forward position, would stretch the soft facial tissue layer covering the face and neck, especially the suprahyoid muscles.48
Prolonged, untreated dysphonia results in problems with the neuromuscular apparatus of the larynx, increased tension of masseter, buccal fundus, and suprahyoid muscles, which excessively raises the position of the larynx [12,13].
This enhances the contraction of the thyrohyoid muscle, strengthens the suprahyoid muscles, facilitates the upward and forward movement of the larynx, and thereby opens the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) [3-5].
Kiliaridis and Katsaros [25] say that the increasing of the vertical growth is due to an alteration of the perioral muscles in combination with a minor involvement of suprahyoid muscles. So, a new situation is established around the teeth, which alter the transversal relationships.
Effect of Electrical Stimulation of the Suprahyoid Muscles in Brain-Injured Patients with Dysphagia.
They also cover endurance, fatigue, and the stability of EMG muscles and MUAPs, with discussion of the role of EMG in assessing joint stability, endurance time prediction using EMG, voluntary bending and using safety shoes in the workplace, and tongue movement estimation based on surface EMG signals from suprahyoid muscles, and methods and EMG systems and how they can be used in applications like myocontrolled neuroprosthesis, hand gesture recognition, and anthropometric variables and human-computer interfaces.
During dissection, care was taken not to injure the blood vessels and innervations in the infra- and suprahyoid muscles. The superior portion of the hyoid bone was freed from the suprahyoid muscle attachments.
In Chapter 15, another new table organizes the origins, insertions, innervations, and actions of the suprahyoid muscles and extrinsic muscles of the tongue.