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a.1.(Anat.) Situated above the vertebral column.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many supraspinal structures on the neuron dendrite which forms synapse is called spine.
In a review, Behm (2004) further explains that a preceding contraction could provide improved central adjustments via motoneuron excitation from both supraspinal and afferent input.
The model of the segmented vertebral bodies, ligaments (anterior longitudinal, posterior longitudinal, supraspinal (SSL), interspinal (ISL), ligamentum flavum, and intertransverse), intervertebral discs, and ribs were imported into a finite element analytical program (ABAQUS 6.11 Simulia, USA) for simulation and quantitative analysis.
(23) Endogenous cannabinoids, such as arachidonoyl ethanolamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol, are now thought to be significant mediators in the skin.3 Further, endocannabinoids have been shown to deliver analgesia to the skin, at the spinal and supraspinal levels.
The researchers note in the study, "While numerous questions remain, the ability to restore some supraspinal control over motor function below the level of injury, cardiovascular function, sexual function and bowel and bladder function should promote intense efforts to investigate and develop optimization strategies to maximize recovery in all participants with chronic SCI."
Fentanyl primarily a mu receptor agonist with an analgesic potency greater than morphine, pethidine the analgesia produced by fentanyl is principally through interaction with mu receptor at supraspinal site.
Zhigang to regain function after paralysis are unique in conceptually integrates pain, motor function, and their control, and realizing the intricate interdependence and integration of supraspinal and spinal networks.
Many studies at peripheral, medullary and supraspinal levels using animal models of inflammatory pain have already been conducted evaluating the effect and mechanism of action of acupuncture (Cantwell, 2010; Habacher et al., 2006; Schweinitz, 1998; Shmalberg et al., 2014; Su et al., 2012).
The hot plate test is one of the most commonly used thermal and supraspinal analgesia measurement methods.
We made an incision of about 5 cm via the posterior approach with surgical gap as the center, and incised the skin and subcutaneous tissue successively, retaining supraspinal and interspinous ligaments.
In our previous study the PGB (30 and 100 mg/ kg) exerted a central spinal but not central supraspinal antinociceptive effect, and the PGB 100 mg/kg presented a peripheral antinociceptive effect.