Surf smelt

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Related to Surf smelt: sand lance
(Zool.) See Smelt.

See also: Surf

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in periodicals archive ?
This estimate was based on total catches of 21,484 surf smelt (Hypomesus pretiosus), 19,816 American shad (Alosa sapidissima), 7422 Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii), 4380 subyearling Chinook salmon, 2696 shiner perch (Cymatogaster aggregata), 1231 steelhead (0.
Other species with wounds included juvenile steelhead (2), juvenile sockeye salmon (1), surf smelt (1), and longfin smelt (1) (Table 2).
We provide the first report of lamprey wounds on shiner perch, surf smelt, and longfin smelt.
The 13 species included the 6 species-and-age classes of juvenile salmon, plus American shad (Alosa sapidissima), longfin smelt (Spirinchus thaleichthys), northern anchovy (Engraulis mordax), Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii), shiner perch (Cymatogaster aggregata), surf smelt (Hypomesus pretiosus), and threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus).
Mean annual CVs, estimated for the most commonly caught species ranged from 47% (surf smelt in 2010) to 240% (northern anchovy in 2008), with juvenile salmon generally having lower CVs (range: 46-167%) than most species except surf smelt and threespine stickleback.
2B): in all years, the estuarine fish assemblage was dominated by threespine stickleback in April, becoming more diverse and variable in May and June with sporadically high relative abundances of northern anchovy (especially in 2007 and 2010), Pacific herring (2007 and 2009), surf smelt (2008 and 2009), American shad (2008), and threespine stickleback (2008-10).
Other important contributors to regional dissimilarity were adult Chinook salmon, jack mackerel, and Pacific saury (Cololabis saira) (all more strongly associated with the NC), and Pacific tomcod (Microgadus proximus), surf smelt, and Pacific butterfish (all more strongly associated with the GF).
summer GF, [summation](dissimilarity)=86.38 Pacific herring, Clupea pallasii 18.10 20.96 jacksmelt, Atherinopsis 15.48 17.92 californiensis Pacific tomcod, Microgadus 7.23 8.36 proximus Pacific sardine, Sardinops sagax 5.95 6.88 Chinook salmon, jv, Oncorhynchus 5.47 6.33 tshawytscha northern anchovy, Engraulis 4.89 5.66 mordax medusafish, Icichthys lockingtoni 3.80 4.40 Chinook salmon, ad, Oncorhynchus 3.51 4.06 tshawytscha jack mackerel, Trachurus 3.27 3.79 symmetricus surf smelt, Hypomesus pretiosus 2.65 3.07 Fall NC vs.
Percent of Diet Prey species Common name total diet A Hypomesus pretious surf smelt 78.00% Thysanoessa spp.
Previously published proximate composition values for surf smelt (Hypomesus pretious) and energy density data for euphausiids (Thysanoessa spp.) were used (Davis et al., 1997; Payne et al., 1999).
Surf smelt were found in 21 of 27 (78%) stomachs and euphausiids were found in 6 of 27 (22%) stomachs (Table 2).
Using a prewhaling estimate of 343 (95% CI = 331-376) animals in the study area, we determined that humpback whales feeding on diet A prior to 1927 would have removed an estimated 1.76 x [10.sup.7] kg of prey annually (95% CI = 1.70 x [l0.sup.7] to 1.93 x [10.sup.7]), including nearly 3.87 x [10.sup.6] (3.74 x [10.sup.6] to 4.24 x [10.sup.6]) kg of euphausiids and approximately 1.37 x [10.sup.7] (1.32 x [10.sup.7] to 1.50 x [10.sup.7]) kg of surf smelt (Table 4).