surface runoff

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surface runoff

[ˌsɜːfɪsˈrʌnɒf] n (Geog) → acque fpl superficiali
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
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References in periodicals archive ?
There are many causes of fish mortality, and generally large proportions are due to natural events like low level of dissolved oxygen (DO), high fluctuation of temperature and pH, acid rain, storm, huge freshwater surface run off due to heavy rain, chemical pollution, disease epidemics and toxic algal blooms (Woodley et al., 1981; Harvell et al., 1999, 2002; Harley, 2008; Hallegraeff, 2010).
Consequently, some of the soil will be wasted by surface run off, reaching streams and rivers.
Most important, we need to create a situation where very little water is evaporated or wasted in surface run off. Increasing vegetation is extremely important, more trees ensures more water.
The increasing resistance and multiple resistances of the bacterial strains in this river could be attributed to discharge resultant from faecal residues, household activities and hospital wastes from the areas adjoining the river, which overflowed in Yamuna through surface run off and sewage outlets," it said.
This would significantly reduce the uncontrolled surface run off of water that causes waterways and rivers to flood.
Recharge due to precipitation can be simply calculated by excluding surface run off from precipitation.
The water can be contaminated by surface run off of rain water that trasporting leached radio nuclides from cities, the mine waste soil weathering, agricutlural areas and so on [6].
"The paving outside is one of the first major projects in the area to use Tobermore''s pioneering Hydropave permeable paving system which is designed to help control flooding problems and reduce pollution into local streams and waterways from surface run off ".
In 2000, the water supply of Walkerton, Ontario, became contaminated when E.coli entered the town well as surface run off following a period of heavy rain.
Constructors will have to ensure that their buildings meet targets in nine categories - energy, water, materials, surface run off, waste, pollution, health, management and ecology.
Because there is usually little soil and surface run off can be excessive, herbicides with residual soil activity should be used carefully.