infant respiratory distress syndrome

(redirected from Surfactant deficiency)
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infant respiratory distress syndrome

(IRDS) A lung disorder that affects premature babies who have not developed surfactant in their lungs. Surfactant is a fatty secretion that prevents the lungs collapsing.
References in periodicals archive ?
This picture arises from structural immaturity of the lung and alveolar surfactant deficiency.
Further investigations in this area should focus on the study of the molecular and genetic mechanisms of synthesis and transport of surfactant proteins, and to develop simple inexpensive methods for detection of the lungs surfactant deficiency in infants.
In the neonatal period, pulmonary oedema is often mistaken for primary pulmonary pathology such as surfactant deficiency syndrome (hyaline membrane disease), transient tachypnea of the newborn or infection on chest radiographs.
Survanta was given 100 mg/kg (4mL/kg) in four divided doses and was indicated if the infant weighed < 1,250 g, had suspected surfactant deficiency, the risk of RDS or the physician opted to rescue an infant with RDS.