gravity assist(redirected from Swing-by maneuver)
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The use of the gravitational field of a moon, planet, or other moving celestial object to change a spacecraft's trajectory, especially to increase its velocity.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.