Switzerland


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Switzerland

Swit·zer·land

 (swĭt′sər-lənd)
A country of west-central Europe. The region was conquered by Germanic tribes in the 5th century and by Swabia and Burgundy in the 9th, becoming part of the Holy Roman Empire in 1033. Protesting Habsburg control in the 13th century, the Swiss formed a defense league made up of cantons that became the basis of their confederation, and by 1499 they had achieved independence. The Reformation in the 16th century led to religious civil wars that lasted through the next two centuries. The French took brief control of Switzerland during the French Revolution, but the confederacy was restored in 1815. Switzerland later adopted a federal constitution (1848) and maintained a policy of neutrality through both world wars. Bern is the capital and Zurich the largest city.

Switzerland

(ˈswɪtsələnd)
n
(Placename) a federal republic in W central Europe: the cantons of Schwyz, Uri, and Unterwalden formed a defensive league against the Hapsburgs in 1291, later joined by other cantons; gained independence in 1499; adopted a policy of permanent neutrality from 1516; a leading centre of the Reformation in the 16th century. It lies in the Jura Mountains and the Alps, with a plateau between the two ranges. Official languages: German, French, and Italian; Romansch minority. Religion: mostly Protestant and Roman Catholic. Currency: Swiss franc. Capital: Bern. Pop: 7 996 026 (2013 est). Area: 41 288 sq km (15 941 sq miles). German name: Schweiz French name: Suisse Italian name: Svizzera Latin name: Helvetia

Switz•er•land

(ˈswɪt sər lənd)

n.
a republic in central Europe. 7,275,467; 15,944 sq. mi. (41,294 sq. km). Cap.: Bern. French, Suisse. German, Schweiz. Italian, Svizzera. Latin, Helvetia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Switzerland - a landlocked federal republic in central EuropeSwitzerland - a landlocked federal republic in central Europe
battle of Sempatch, Sempatch - the Swiss Confederation escaped Hapsburg domination by their victory in 1386
International Relations and Security Network, ISN - Switzerland's information network for security and defense studies and for peace and conflict research and for international relations
commune - the smallest administrative district of several European countries
Tessin, Ticino - an Italian-speaking region of southern Switzerland
Savoy - a geographical region of historical importance; a former duchy in what is now southwestern France, western Switzerland, and northwestern Italy
Swiss canton - one of the cantons of Switzerland
Bern, Berne, capital of Switzerland - the capital of Switzerland; located in western Switzerland
Basel, Basle, Bale - a city in northwestern Switzerland
Geneva, Geneve, Genf - a city in southwestern Switzerland at the western end of Lake Geneva; it is the headquarters of various international organizations
Interlaken - a popular resort town in the Alps in west central Switzerland
Lausanne - a city in western Switzerland; cultural and commercial center
Zurich - the largest city in Switzerland; located in the northern part of the country; "Zurich is the center of the German-speaking part of Switzerland"
Aar, Aare, Aare River - a river in north central Switzerland that runs northeast into the Rhine
Alps, the Alps - a large mountain system in south-central Europe; scenic beauty and winter sports make them a popular tourist attraction
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Lake Geneva, Lake Leman - a lake between southwestern Switzerland and France that is crossed from east to west by the Rhone
Matterhorn - a mountain in the Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy (14,780 feet high); noted for its distinctive shape
Rhein, Rhine River, Rhine - a major European river carrying more traffic than any other river in the world; flows into the North Sea
Rhone, Rhone River - a major French river; flows into the Mediterranean near Marseilles; "the valley of the Rhone is famous for its vineyards"
Weisshorn - a mountain in the Alps in Switzerland (14,804 feet high)
Translations
Švýcarsko
Schweiz
Svislando
Šveits
Sveitsi
Švicarska
Svájc
Sviss
スイス
스위스
Elveţia
Švica
Schweiz
ประเทศสวิตเซอร์แลนด์
nước Thụy Sĩ

Switzerland

[ˈswɪtsələnd] NSuiza f

Switzerland

[ˈswɪtsərlənd] nSuisse f
in Switzerland → en Suisse
to Switzerland → en Suisse

Switzerland

ndie Schweiz; to Switzerlandin die Schweiz; French-/German-/Italian-speaking Switzerlanddie französische/deutsche/italienische Schweiz, die französisch-/deutsch-/italienischsprachige Schweiz

Switzerland

[ˈswɪtslənd] nla Svizzera

Switzerland

سُوِيسْرا Švýcarsko Schweiz Schweiz Ελβετία Suiza Sveitsi Suisse Švicarska Svizzera スイス 스위스 Zwitserland Sveits Szwajcaria Suíça Швейцария Schweiz ประเทศสวิตเซอร์แลนด์ İsviçre nước Thụy Sĩ 瑞士
References in classic literature ?
Frances was telling me about Switzerland; the subject animated her; and I was just thinking that her eyes spoke full as eloquently as her tongue, when she stopped and remarked--
The country in the neighbourhood of this village resembled, to a greater degree, the scenery of Switzerland; but everything is on a lower scale, and the green hills want the crown of distant white Alps which always attend on the piny mountains of my native country.
He reached London from Switzerland in September last; and sold the Combe-Raven property immediately on his arrival.
I would behold magnificent Switzerland; I would travel to Italy, and "
Next morning we left in the train for Switzerland, and reached Lucerne about ten o'clock at night.
According to Huber, who had ample opportunities for observation, in Switzerland the slaves habitually work with their masters in making the nest, and they alone open and close the doors in the morning and evening; and, as Huber expressly states, their principal office is to search for aphides.
We start for Switzerland this afternoon--don't we?'
In Switzerland they support the Radicals, without losing sight of the fact that this party consists of antagonistic elements, partly of Democratic Socialists, in the French sense, partly of radical bourgeois.
I was in Switzerland. I had come out of Italy, over one of the great passes of the Alps, and had since wandered with a guide among the by-ways of the mountains.
Passengers who may wish to extend the time at Paris can do so, and, passing down through Switzerland, rejoin the steamer at Genoa.
"Give her my kind love; and say I hope she enjoys Switzerland."
She has a lover, who has followed her, first all the way from Switzerland, and then all the way from Venice, and who has just confided to me that he means to follow her everywhere.