Antidepressants, antihistaminics, sympathomimetics
, dopamine blocking or stimulating drugs and decongestants should be investigated as possible triggers of BEB (6).
The duration of TCA treatment should also be considered. In short-term TCA treatment, patients can respond to indirect-acting sympathomimetics
such as ephedrine due to increased presynaptic availability of norepinephrine.
Amphetamine and its derivative, methamphetamine, are potent sympathomimetics
and among the most common illicitly abused drugs.
suppress uterus contractions by stimulating b-adrenergic receptors.
Detumescence following intracavernosal injection of sympathomimetics
like adrenalin (1-100 [micro]g).
This is a normal effect of sympathomimetics
. In diabetic patients, clinicians should be aware of a possible effect on glucose and insulin levels.
In addition, high doses of sympathomimetics
(which might be the case if stimulants are used non-medically or recreationally) can lead to dry mouth, bruxism, formication, emotional liability, psychosis and seizures.
(alpha-adrenergic agonists) include apraclonidine (Iopidine), which has no human eye data, and brimonidine (Alphagan P), which has one case report in pregnancy and breastfeeding showing no fetal or nursing infant harm.
with positive inotropic and vasoconstrictor effects are used to maintain perfusion pressure in first two minutes after institution of spinal anaesthesia5.
The second chapter discusses pharmacological and electrical therapies including treatments for acute coronary syndrome, antiarrhythmics, calcium channel blockers, electrical treatments, parasymptholytics, and sympathomimetics
. Chapter three reviews assessment of patients with and without cardiac arrest, and the eight core cases addressed in the eACLS program.
Coronary artery spasm Trigeminal-cardiac reflex Common factors Hyperventilation Hypoxemia Light plane of anesthesia Preexisting vagal tone Sympathomimetics
Opioids Withdrawn of B-blockers/CCBs Use of B-blockers/CCBs Use of suxamethonium Hypotension Female gender?