The roots of the strong-arm approach lie in the therapeutic communities (TCs) first developed within the intense confrontation and degradation rituals of the post-war Synanon
cult, and then replicated across the nation (De Leon 2000).
She also lived in Synanon
, a residential community, for a decade after returning from Guyana.
was founded in 1958 by Chuck Dederich, a member of Alcoholics Anonymous who felt that A.A.
Ha, ainda, contribuicoes da metodologia Minessota (16,39), de "essencia predominantemente espiritual, e baseada na ajuda mutua e nos 12 passos", cujo tratamento "busca a incutir esperanca atraves da confianca no poder divino superior"; e do metodo Synanon
, "de essencia predominantemente analitica", baseado na "autoconfianca do individuo" e na laborterapia (39) (p.
His California weekly took on the Synanon
cult and won a Pulitzer Prize with its reporting of illegal Synanon
The TC history dates back to Synanon
, a self-supporting community of ex-addicts founded in 1958 in Santa Monica (California) .
Walden House sprang from a very different culture than the medically-oriented Haight Ashbury Free Clinics, basing its residential therapeutic community on Synanon
, a behavioral change model using confrontational group process and work therapy.
Let us generate the dues money so that he could go do whatever the hell he wanted." (131) As several sources have noted, he turned inward, requiring staff to participate in a cultish psychological game run by the drug-rehab group Synanon
. (132) Years previously he had moved union headquarters away from the farm workers to a remote compound called La Paz in the foothills outside of Fresno, while the legal department stayed in Salinas, near the action.
Dessa forma, desde o inicio, os primeiros tratamentos possuiam um foco clinico-comunitario que tinha por fundamento uma moral religiosa e uma forte disciplina na base de um sistema de castigos (Synanon
e Daytop, Punishment cure).
In 1979 under the ownership of Cathy and Dave Mitchell, who was also its editor, the Light won journalism's highest honor, the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service, for its reporting on the violent activities of the Synanon
Chavez visited Synanon
, the drug rehabilitation commune headed by Charles Dederich, shortly before some of its members were implicated in a series of sexual scandals and criminal assaults.
Beyond the historical and political, however, are the biographical details of my life that help to explain why I, a person that could choose to be almost anything, at the age of 13 firmly declared "I am black and proud of it!" I was born and raised for the first eight years of my life on a commune called Synanon