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(ˌnʊər oʊ trænsˈmɪʃ ən, -trænz-, ˌnyʊər-)

the transmission of a nerve impulse across a synapse.
References in periodicals archive ?
AMPA receptors mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system, a process which can be disrupted in a number of neurological and psychiatric diseases, including schizophrenia.
Sergei Fedorovich, a senior researcher at the Biophysics and Cell Engineering Institute, is praised for finding out how oxygen deprivation interferes with synaptic transmission in neurons of animals.
31) This observation clearly indicates that dendritic spines are not essential in basic excitatory synaptic transmission.
However, their long-term effects on GABAergic synaptic transmission induced by neonatal propofol or etomidate exposure remain unclear.
Their topics include applying immunofluorescence to analyze connexin distribution and trafficking, the patch clamp analysis of gap junction channel properties, recording gap junction-mediated synaptic transmission in vivo at mixed synapses on the goldfish Mauthner cells, assessing connexin hemichannel function during ischemic injury and reperfusion, the functional characterization of connexin hemichannels using Xenopus oocytes and the two-electrode voltage clamp technique, and methods to examine the role of gap junction and pannexin channels in HIV infection.
2+] channels, delayed rectifier potassium channel, and hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gatechannel, (6) which eventually leads to interference on the synaptic transmission.
Synaptic transmission is the essential process of brain physiological functions such as learning and memory formation, and TEN has been shown to facilitate the basic synaptic transmission.
3, 4) Various theories explain the cause of post-traumatic epilepsy due to blood such as the formation of free radicals by the blood breakdown product iron which cause direct injury to neuronal membranes and cell death and another theory which shows that blood breakdown product Hemin affects synaptic transmission and leads to epileptogenesis.
Plastic changes in synaptic transmission in these two brain regions following prolonged ethanol exposure are thought to contribute to excessive alcohol drinking and relapse to drinking.
This model derives from the observation that the cyst is structurally a vesicle inasmuch as it is enveloped by a membrane (Watson and Mariscal, 1984; Golz, 1994), and the assumption that one of the first steps in discharge would likely be fusion of the cyst membrane with the cell membrane, as occurs during synaptic transmission and other exocytotic processes (Lubbock et al.
Differential modulation of synaptic transmission by calcium chelators in young and aged hippocampal CA1 neurons: evidence for altered calcium homeostasis in aging.
AD arises due to the failure of synaptic transmission, which results in eventual death of the neurons present in the brain.