synchrotron(redirected from Syncrotron)
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An accelerator in which charged particles are accelerated around a fixed circular path by an electric field and held to the path by an increasing magnetic field.
(General Physics) a type of particle accelerator similar to a betatron but having an electric field of fixed frequency with electrons but not with protons as well as a changing magnetic field. It is capable of producing very high energies in the GeV range
[C20: from synchro- + (elec)tron]
a type of cyclotron consisting of magnetic sections alternately spaced with sections in which particles are electrostatically accelerated.
A device that accelerates charged subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, in a circular path, greatly increasing their energies. Unlike cyclotrons that consist of a continuous spiral through which particles are accelerated, synchrotrons consist of a single tube in the shape of a large ring. The particles rotate over and over again through this tube at increasing speeds. Synchrotrons are used to study subatomic structures. See more at cyclotron.
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|Noun||1.||synchrotron - cyclotron in which the electric field is maintained at a constant frequency|
cosmotron - a large proton synchrotron; uses frequency modulation of an electric field to accelerate protons
cyclotron - an accelerator that imparts energies of several million electron-volts to rapidly moving particles