synovial joint

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synovial joint

A freely movable joint with a cavity lined by synovial membrane and lubricated by synovial fluid.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.synovial joint - a joint so articulated as to move freelysynovial joint - a joint so articulated as to move freely
articulatio temporomandibularis, mandibular joint, temporomandibular joint - the joint between the head of the lower jawbone and the temporal bone
articulatio plana, gliding joint - a freely moving joint in which the articulations allow only gliding motions
ginglymoid joint, ginglymus, hinge joint - a freely moving joint in which the bones are so articulated as to allow extensive movement in one plane
knuckle, knuckle joint, metacarpophalangeal joint - a joint of a finger when the fist is closed
articulatio, joint, articulation - (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion)
articulatio spheroidea, ball-and-socket joint, cotyloid joint, enarthrodial joint, enarthrosis, spheroid joint - a freely moving joint in which a sphere on the head of one bone fits into a rounded cavity in the other bone
articulatio trochoidea, pivot joint, rotary joint, rotatory joint - a freely moving joint in which movement is limited to rotation; "the articulation of the radius and ulna in the arm is a pivot joint"
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a multifactorial systemic disease with symmetrical distribution affecting the synovial joints.18 More than 50% RA is being contributed by genetic influence.19 The aim of this study was to find the significance of gene expression of IL-18 in RA patients in context with our local population, so that approach towards the treatment of patient should be scrutinized.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disorder of synovial joints characterized by progressive softening and disintegration of articular cartilage accompanied by osteophytes, cyst formation, sclerosis in the subchondral bone, mild synovitis, and capsular fibrosis1.
Diarthrosis, or synovial joints, are freely movable, and generally, the ones that will eventually wear down on a hard-charging dog.
Hyalosyn[TM] Gel is a sodium hyaluronate viscoelastic solution in a syringe for long-term effect on improved joint mobility, suitable for intra-articular injection into all synovial joints. Hyalosyn[TM] Gel is manufactured by unique biotechnological synthetic fermentation, ensuring a high purity with no microbiological residues.
OA is usually associated with synovial joints (diarthroses), also known as the freely moveable joints [7].
The most common anatomical location is the knee joint, specifically the suprapatellar pouch, although cases have been described in many other synovial joints like the hip, shoulder, elbow, wrist and ankle.
OA is a chronic degenerative multi-factor disease that can affect all components of the synovial joints (Kim et al., 2001; Uchoa de Rezende & Constantino de Campos, 2012), where hyaluronic acid (HA) plays an important role in the disease adaptation process.
Viscosupplements are injected by a licensed medical professional into synovial joints to replenish the natural cushioning within joints that depletes with age and degenerative orthopedic diseases, causing pain.
To assist in resolving this ambiguity, we describe an in vitro model that possesses three important properties: 1) It is a closed system that mimics the sealed environment of the synovial joint in vivo; 2) It contains de-nucleated fluid and 3) It reproduces both a cracking phenomenon and subsequent refractory period identical to that which is seen in real synovial joints.
Kane, "Greyscale and power Doppler ultrasonographic evaluation of normal synovial joints: correlation with pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and angiogenic factors," Rheumatology (Oxford), vol.