syntactic category(redirected from Syntactic categories)
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|Noun||1.||syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties|
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
grammatical case, case - nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
form class, part of speech, word class - one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context
number - the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural); "in English the subject and the verb must agree in number"
person - a grammatical category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms according to whether they indicate the speaker, the addressee, or a third party; "stop talking about yourself in the third person"
gender, grammatical gender - a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
tense - a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
participant role, semantic role - (linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause