syntactic category

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Noun1.syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
grammatical case, case - nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
form class, part of speech, word class - one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context
number - the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural); "in English the subject and the verb must agree in number"
person - a grammatical category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms according to whether they indicate the speaker, the addressee, or a third party; "stop talking about yourself in the third person"
gender, grammatical gender - a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
tense - a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
participant role, semantic role - (linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause
category, class, family - a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"
References in periodicals archive ?
Attitude suffixes are syntactic heads that can attach either to Vroots or to syntactic categories, while size suffixes are syntactic modifiers that can only attach to a noun category.
in Newmeyer (1998) on syntactic categories and word-classes and in Baker (2003) on word-classes, where it is argued that use of one major criterion for word-class identification (syntax), successfully produces at least three distinct classes (noun, verb and adjective), also in such a difficult area as cross-linguistic research.
Tense, Case and the nature of syntactic categories.
of Marburg, Germany) summarizes the basic syntactic categories, analytical methods, and theoretical frameworks that are needed for a comprehensive and systematic description and analysis of the syntax of English as it is spoken and written.
Urednik ove knjige ujedno je autor Uvoda koji cini i prvi dio, te poglavlja RPs and the nature of lexical and syntactic categories in Role and Reference Grammar u trecem dijelu.
Syntactic categories and grammatical relations: The cognitive organization of information.
Universal grammatical features can only be mapped on to the specific surface appearance of a particular natural language once the identification of words with syntactic categories has been made.
That is, there may be additional cost associated with interfering similar predicted heads, with the consequence that keeping track of two predicted heads of different syntactic categories may be easier than keeping track of two predicted heads of the same category.
For languages with weak and non-distinctive stress (opposed to languages with strong and distinctive stress, such as Russian or German) such behaviour of stress seems to be characteristic: marked communicative situations or some syntactic categories (for example, expressive forms, imperatives) can contribute to the shift of the word stress from it predominant (unmarked) position--initial in Erzya or final in Turkic languages, or for example in Udmurt.
Comparison of the mean numbers of times that sentences were correctly translated into AAE forms reveals that the overall pattern favoring the ES and ESP groups over the E group was apparent for six of the seven syntactic categories.
It is able to handle unknown vocabulary, and make intelligent guesses from context and spelling about the syntactic categories of unknown words.
104-30) according to genre and syntactic categories is as impressive as the extensive analysis (pp.