Syria


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Syria

Sy·ri·a

 (sîr′ē-ə)
A country of southwest Asia on the eastern Mediterranean coast. Ancient Syria also included Lebanon, most of present-day Israel and Jordan, and part of Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Settled c. 2100 bc by Amorites, the region was later conquered by Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, and Romans. Islam was introduced in the seventh century by Muslim Arab conquerors. Syria was a province of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 until 1918, and the part comprising present-day Syria and Lebanon became a French League of Nations mandate in 1920. Separated from Lebanon by the French, Syria achieved full independence in 1946. In 1958 it merged with Egypt to form the United Arab Republic, which disintegrated in 1961. Damascus is the capital and the largest city.

Syr′i·an adj. & n.

Syria

(ˈsɪrɪə)
n
1. (Placename) a republic in W Asia, on the Mediterranean: ruled by the Ottoman Turks (1516–1918); made a French mandate in 1920; became independent in 1944; joined Egypt in the United Arab Republic (1958–61). Hafez al-Assad elected president in 1971 following a coup; after his death in 2000 Assad's son Bashar took over the presidency; his rule was challenged (from 2012) by an uprising that led to civil war. Official language: Arabic. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: Syrian pound. Capital: Damascus. Pop: 22 457 336 (2013 est). Area: 185 180 sq km (71 498 sq miles)
2. (Placename) (formerly) the region between the Mediterranean, the Euphrates, the Taurus, and the Arabian Desert

Syr•i•a

(ˈsɪər i ə)

n.
1. Official name, Syr′ian Ar′ab Repub′lic. a republic in SW Asia at the E end of the Mediterranean. 17,213,871; 71,498 sq. mi. (185,180 sq. km). Cap.: Damascus.
2. an ancient country in W Asia, including modern Syria, Lebanon, and Israel: a part of the Roman Empire 64 B.C. – A.D. 636.
Syr′i•an, n., adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Syria - an Asian republic in the Middle East at the east end of the MediterraneanSyria - an Asian republic in the Middle East at the east end of the Mediterranean; site of some of the world's most ancient centers of civilization
Popular Struggle Front, PSF - a terrorist group of radical Palestinians who split with al-Fatah in 1967 but now have close relations with al-Fatah; staged terrorist attacks against Israel across the Lebanese border
Arab League - an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
capital of Syria, Damascus, Dimash - an ancient city (widely regarded as the world's oldest) and present capital and largest city of Syria; according to the New Testament, the Apostle Paul (then known as Saul) underwent a dramatic conversion on the road to Damascus
Alep, Aleppo, Halab - a city in northwestern Syria
Al Ladhiqiyah, Latakia - a seaport on the western coast of Syria
Kurdistan - an extensive geographical region in the Middle East to the south of the Caucasus
Syrian Desert - a desert of northern Arabia occupying western Iraq, southern Syria, eastern Jordan, and northern Saudi Arabia
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
Euphrates, Euphrates River - a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia
Tigris, Tigris River - an Asian river; a tributary of the Euphrates River
Syrian - a native or inhabitant of Syria
Translations
Sirië
سورياسُورِيا
Сирия
Síria
Sýrie
Syrien
Sirio
Süüria
سوریه
Syyria
סוריה
सूरियासीरिया
Sirija
Szíria
Syria
Suriah
Sýrland
シリア
시리아
Sirija
Sīrija
Siria
Sýria
Sirija
Syrien
ประเทศซีเรีย
Сирія
nước Syria

Syria

[ˈsɪrɪə] NSiria f

Syria

[ˈsɪriə] nSyrie f

Syria

nSyrien nt

Syria

[ˈsɪrɪə] nla Siria

Syria

سُورِيا Sýrie Syrien Syrien Συρία Siria Syyria Syrie Sirija Siria シリア 시리아 Syrië Syria Syria Síria Сирия Syrien ประเทศซีเรีย Suriye nước Syria 叙利亚
References in classic literature ?
Mucianus undid Vitellius, by a fame that he scattered, that Vitellius had in purpose to remove the legions of Syria into Germany, and the legions of Germany into Syria; whereupon the legions of Syria were infinitely inflamed.
To be sure there were, in Syria and other countries, sixteen cities of that appellation, besides the one to which I more particularly allude.
That is the new Temple of the Sun, who is adored in Syria under the title of Elah Gabalah.
Why, my dear sir, that cameleopard is no other than Antiochus Epiphanes, Antiochus the Illustrious, King of Syria, and the most potent of all the autocrats of the East
This was the coming to Riverboro of the Reverend Amos Burch and wife, returned missionaries from Syria.
Among these I found a treasure in Curtis's two books, the 'Nile Notes of a Howadji,' and the 'Howadji in Syria.
But one tyranny often changed into another; as at Syria, from Myron's to Clisthenes'; or into an oligarchy, as was Antileo's at Chalcas; or into a democracy, as was Gelo's at Syracuse; or into an aristocracy, as was Charilaus's at Lacedsemon, and at Carthage.
The dread of the Macedonian power induced the league to court the alliance of the Kings of Egypt and Syria, who, as successors of Alexander, were rivals of the king of Macedon.
Some months later, on the coast of Syria, I caught some of my fish ornamented with the ring.
Their ships filled the Mediterranean, and they carried on an extensive commerce with Constantinople and Syria.
However, the acrimony with the US is a major unifier for them, with countering the US agenda in Syria a top priority for all:
Other major powers are treating Syria as a staging ground for larger interests