seventy-five to eighty percent approval of voting sysops
(114.) Johnson & Post, supra note 9, at 1389 ("System operators (sysops
) have an extremely powerful enforcement tool at their disposal to enforce such rules--banishment.").
There are several commonly used Internet services, and it is well to know how each service works, how each is used to facilitate online abuses, and the degree to which sysops
can detect and respond to these abuses.
Fortunately, the "sysops
" I know take so much pride in the integrity of their systems that they would rather go off line than do any such thing.
wanted MSN to stop allowing their servers to permit mail to pass through from networks other than sender and recipient.
Since the Internet lacks both a central authority and an internal governance structure, regulation of users' conduct has traditionally been a matter of self-regulation by member communities.(219) Yet, few of those who administer bulletin boards (known as "Sysops
") and similar network services exercise much control over the information flow passing through their systems.(220) Those who do seek to maintain order beyond mere reliance upon voluntary compliance with express or implied rules of netiquette find their enforcement options limited to restricting users' access or ostracizing offensive users altogether.
To find these system operators, or SysOps
as they are called, agency personnel can check the technology section of the local newspaper and talk to managers of computer stores.
But this is often controlled by section sysops
(system operators), list moderators, or other members.
Conversely, these principles show that a sysops
' cyberspace activity would not result in potential liability if he does not know of the posting or did not take any action to ratify the communication.
The disadvantage is that your message is not really private and can be read by any of the system operators ("sysops
") along the way, much like a mall carrier can sneak a quick look at someone's postcard.
First comes the executive moderator role of overseeing what may be a large number of system operators (sysops
), who moderate the discussion on bulletin boards and chat lines.
This would be especially true for the smaller bulletin board operators (sysops
), who are, for the most part, judgment-proof.