receptor

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re·cep·tor

 (rĭ-sĕp′tər)
n.
1. Physiology A specialized cell or group of nerve endings that responds to sensory stimuli.
2. Biochemistry A molecular structure or site on the surface or interior of a cell that binds with substances such as hormones, antigens, or neurotransmitters or is activated by events such as a change in the concentration of an ion.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

receptor

(rɪˈsɛptə)
n
1. (Physiology) physiol a sensory nerve ending that changes specific stimuli into nerve impulses
2. any of various devices that receive information, signals, etc
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

re•cep•tor

(rɪˈsɛp tər)

n.
1. a protein molecule, usu. on the surface of a cell, that is capable of binding to a complementary molecule, as a hormone, antibody, or antigen.
2. a sensory nerve ending or sense organ that is sensitive to stimuli.
[1900–05]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

re·cep·tor

(rĭ-sĕp′tər)
1. A nerve ending specialized to sense or receive stimuli. Skin receptors respond to stimuli such as touch and pressure and signal the brain by activating portions of the nervous system. Receptors in the nose detect odors.
2. A cell structure or site that is capable of combining with a hormone, antigen, or other chemical substance.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.receptor - a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological responsereceptor - a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response
anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure - a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing; "he has good bone structure"
alpha receptor, alpha-adrenergic receptor, alpha-adrenoceptor - receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasoconstriction and relaxation of intestinal muscles and contraction of smooth muscles)
beta receptor, beta-adrenergic receptor, beta-adrenoceptor - receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasodilation and increased heart beat)
2.receptor - an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulationreceptor - an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
lateral line, lateral line organ - sense organs of fish and amphibians; believed to detect pressure changes in the water
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
enteroceptor, interoceptor - any receptor that responds to stimuli inside the body
exteroceptor - any receptor that responds to stimuli outside the body
pineal eye, third eye - a sensory structure capable of light reception located on the dorsal side of the diencephalon in various reptiles
baroreceptor - a sensory receptor that responds to pressure
chemoreceptor - a sensory receptor that responds to chemical stimuli
thermoreceptor - a sensory receptor that responds to heat and cold
eye, oculus, optic - the organ of sight
ear - the sense organ for hearing and equilibrium
organ of hearing - the part of the ear that is responsible for sensations of sound
inner ear, internal ear, labyrinth - a complex system of interconnecting cavities; concerned with hearing and equilibrium
semicircular canal - one of three tube loops filled with fluid and in planes nearly at right angles with one another; concerned with equilibrium
stretch receptor - a receptor in a muscle that responds to stretching of the muscle tissue
papilla - a small nipple-shaped protuberance concerned with taste, touch, or smell; "the papillae of the tongue"
sensory system - the body's system of sense organs
effector - an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

receptor

[rɪˈseptəʳ] N (Physiol, Rad) → receptor m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

receptor

[rɪˈsɛptər] n (ANATOMY)récepteur m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

receptor

n
(= nerve)Reizempfänger m, → Rezeptor m
(Rad) → Empfänger m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

receptor

[rɪˈsɛptəʳ] nrecettore m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

re·cep·tor

n. receptor, terminación nerviosa que recibe un estímulo y lo transmite a otros nervios;
auditory ______ auditivo;
contact ______ de contacto;
mechanoreceptormecanoreceptor;
chemoreceptorquimoreceptor;
proprioceptive ______ propioceptivo;
sensory ______ sensorial;
taste ______ gustativo;
temperature ______ de temperatura.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

receptor

n receptor m; estrogen receptor-positive positivo para receptores de estrógeno
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Immatics has developed an extensive and diverse cancer immunotherapy portfolio based on its unique target (XPRESIDENT) and T-cell receptor (XCEPTOR) discovery capabilities.
The findings, published in the journal Blood, provide the basis for launching a first-in-human clinical trial of this new immunotherapy, which relies on engineered T-cell receptors (TCRs).
Indolent T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder of the GI tract is a provisional entity in the new WHO classification and is a nonaggressive, largely nonepitheliotropic small, mature T-cell disorder of the GI tract with evidence of clonality by T-cell receptor gene rearrangement studies.
Genetically engineered T-cells can specifically target cancer cells to eradicate tumor burden through a T-cell receptor or chimeric antigen receptors (CARs).
Novelli et al., "T-cell receptor y gene rearrangement by multiplex polymerase chain reaction/heteroduplex analysis in patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome) and benign inflammatory disease: Correlation with clinical, histological and immunophenotypical findings," British Journal of Dermatology, vol.
The overall 5-year survival rate for T-cell receptor [alpha][beta] exceeds 80% (8).
Newborn Blood Spot Screening for Severe Combined Immunodeficiency by Measurement of T-cell Receptor Excision Circles; Approved Guideline.
The trivalent F(ab')3 structure in coltelizumab has been proven to enhance the T-cell receptor modulation activity (drug potency) more than the bivalent teplizumab antibody counterpart.
The report covers autologous and allogeneic engineered chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) and T-cell receptor (TCR) T-cell therapy candidates as well as natural killer (NK) cell and CAR engineered NK cells in research and development by biopharmaceutical companies.
To overcome this, scientists have been using an enhanced, modified T-cell receptor (TCR) - a molecule on the surface of T-cells that acts like highly-sensitive fingertips that probe the body for signs of disease.
Zach's treatment took us to Seattle's Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, where we learned about a new treatment using T-cell receptor technology showing promise in clinical trials against AML and in preclinical trials against killers such as lung, pancreatic, and ovarian cancers.

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