Effect of starvation on the energy budget of two Asian horseshoe crab species: Tachypleus
Iridentatus and Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda (Chelicerata: Xiphosura).
The serum endotoxin was determined by the tachypleus
amebocyte lysate--azole colorimetric assay.
1994); the mussels Aulacomya maoriana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, and Perna canaliculus (Helson & Gardner 2007); and the horseshoe crabs Tachypleus
tridentatus and Carcinoscorpius rotundicaudu (Hu et al.
The three species of horseshoe crab found in Asia (Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda, Tachypleus
tridentatus and Tachypleus
gigas) are in serious decline due to overfishing, habitat loss and their use as a regional food.
In addition, the bacterial endotoxins in PLCP and AcPLCPs were determined using tachypleus
amebocyte lysate test kit (Chinese Horseshoe Crab Reagent Manufactory, Co., Fujian Province, China).
 includes tachyplesin, which is a peptide derived from a combination of 18 amino acids that was isolated from the hemocytes of the Japanese horseshoe crab, Tachypleus
Plasma endotoxin concentration was determined by kinetic turbidimetric assay (Yokota et al., 1989), using reagent kit bought from Xiamen tachypleus
amebocyte lysate Co.
Interaction Between Lipopolysaccharide and Intracellular Serine Protease Zymogen, Factor C, from Horseshoe Crab (Tachypleus
Tachyplesin I (TP I) is originally isolated from the acid extracts of hemocytes of the horseshoe crab Tachypleus
tridentatus in 1988 .
The peptides tachyplesin and polyphemusin, which are highly abundant in hemocyte debris of the horseshoe crabs Tachypleus
tridentatus, Limulus polyphemus and the sponge metabolites avarol, avarone, ilimaquinone and several phloroglucinols has anti HIV activity [61, 62].
LPS was detected in heat-inactivated plasma samples using the Chromogenic End-Point Tachypleus
Amebocyte Lysate (TAL) Test by Xiamen (Fujian, China) and following the manufacturer's protocol.
Tachystatin is an antimicrobial peptide identified from the hemocytes of the horseshoe crab, Tachypleus
tridentatus, which showed broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi.