It is a member of the Tai group of the Tai-Kadai
According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB, 2000:5), the 1995 census categorized the population into 47 ethnicities, which were divided into four broader ethnic classifications : "Lao Loum" was renamed as the "Tai-Kadai
" group (accounted for 66.2%); "Lao Theung" was renamed as "Austro-Asiatic" (1) (23.0%); and "Lao Soung" (Highland Lao) was classified into the "Hmong-Yao" (7.4%) and "Sino-Tibetan" groups (2.7%).
These two socially and culturally close ethnic groups belong to the Tai-Kadai
Diller et al., eds., The Tai-Kadai
Languages [London: Routledge, 2008], 389-92), who recorded the pronunciation of initial consonants in a 1300-word list read by a twenty-three-year-old student, compared with their pronunciation thirty years before by a forty-five-year-old teacher.
Linguists will find much of interest in studies of how a newly literate ethnic group (the Prai) develop literacy practices (Frederick Diller), how language loss occurs in expatriate Lao speakers (Eric Brown), and how numeral classifiers can be compared across Tai-Kadai
languages (Somsonge Burusphat).
To confuse matters further, some earlier DNA reports have referred to Thailand in linguistic terms, as "Tai-Kadai
anthropods: A preliminary biolinguistic investigation.
Diller, Edmondson, and Luo present 23 chapters describing recent research on Tai-Kadai
, one of the world's major language families.
According to Ferlus, the Tai-Kadai
etymon *k(e)ri: 'human being' would have yielded the ethnonyms Thai/Tai, li [??] or li [??] ("hlai" [lai]), and yi [??] whereas the ethnonyms geldo [??], whereas the ethnonyms gelao [??], lao [[la:w].sup.A2], and keo [ks:w.sup.A1] would have emerged from the Austroasiatic [??]'human being'.
However, SVCs are also to be found in HmongMien, Mon-Khmer, Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai
, Papuan, Austronesian, Semitic and Central-American languages as well as in Japanese.
But the same Chinese scholars and artists who produced the Miao albums for the purpose of entertaining Manchu emperors did also classify as Miao all kinds of other people like the Yao or the various tai-kadai
ethnic groups of Guizhou and Guangxi; Miao was a kind of vague category, something like "aborigine" which was used to classify all strange and backward looking non Han people in Southern China.
So far, most research on serial verbs and serial verb constructions (henceforth abbreviated as SVC) has been done on African languages and on pidgins and creoles; however, SVCs are also to be found in Hmong-Mien, Mon-Khmer, Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai
, Papuan, Austronesian, Semitic, and Central-American languages as well as in Japanese.