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(tä-ē′nō) also Tai·no (tī′nō)
n. pl. Taíno or Taínos also Taino or Tai·nos
1. A member of an Arawak people of the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas whose culture was destroyed by genocide, epidemics, and assimilation under Spanish colonization in the early 1500s.
2. The language of this people.

[Spanish, of American Indian origin.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


npl -nos or -no
1. (Peoples) a member of an American Indian people of the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas
2. (Languages) the language of this people, belonging to the Arawakan family
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtaɪ noʊ)

n., pl. -nos, (esp. collectively) -no.
1. a member of an American Indian people of the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas.
2. the extinct Arawakan language of the Taino.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The indigenous inhabitants of Hispaniola, the Tainos, originally numbering 1 million on the island according to Spanish census of 1496, initiated a legacy of resistance in defense of their autonomy against the Spanish that attracted the participation of enslaved African collaborators upon their arrival during the first decades of the sixteenth century (Roorda, Eric, Lauren Hutchinson 2).
The island was occupied by Tainos and Africans, who live together peacefully and they called the island "Xaymaca" meaning "land of wood and water." The African foreparents would travel from the Motherland of Africa in small locally made ships/canoes trading their merchandise.
For example, Puerto Rico: An Interpretive History from Pre-Columbian Times to 1900 challenges the notion that the Tainos (native inhabitants) simply capitulated to the colonizing Spaniards, presenting evidence that they fought back against the colonizers for more than sixty years after the battle of Yaguecas.
Even though the Neo-Tainos see the jibaro as the embodied survival of the Indian, this characterization is being replaced by a monolithic, uniform, static, and homogeneous version of the Indian in the form of the Taino invention (i.e., all jibaros are Indians and specifically Tainos).
The price includes a three night stay at the four star Nacional de Cuba on a room only basis in Havana and then seven nights at the three-star Iberostar Tainos on an all inclusive basis in Varadero.
The islands were first "discovered" by Christopher Columbus, though of course a native Tainos population had been living there long before.
Cave of the Jagua: The Mythological World of the Tainos. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
After discussion of the geophysical features of the area within the wider context of Jamaica and the socio-economic and political structures of the Tainos and the Spanish who first lived there, he describes how Major Richard Hope, an English colonist, established a small sugar plantation on the island, which developed into one of its largest slave sugar estates by the mid-1700s.
The native cultures of the Incas, Aztecs and Tainos of the Caribbean will be presented in song and dance.
The Iberostar Tainos, intent on improving the variety of the menu and freshness of food in its restaurants, has already bought citrus, papaya, guava, pineapple, tomatoes and cabbage directly from nearby growers.