The indigenous inhabitants of Hispaniola, the Tainos
, originally numbering 1 million on the island according to Spanish census of 1496, initiated a legacy of resistance in defense of their autonomy against the Spanish that attracted the participation of enslaved African collaborators upon their arrival during the first decades of the sixteenth century (Roorda, Eric, Lauren Hutchinson 2).
The island was occupied by Tainos
and Africans, who live together peacefully and they called the island "Xaymaca" meaning "land of wood and water." The African foreparents would travel from the Motherland of Africa in small locally made ships/canoes trading their merchandise.
For example, Puerto Rico: An Interpretive History from Pre-Columbian Times to 1900 challenges the notion that the Tainos
(native inhabitants) simply capitulated to the colonizing Spaniards, presenting evidence that they fought back against the colonizers for more than sixty years after the battle of Yaguecas.
Even though the Neo-Tainos see the jibaro as the embodied survival of the Indian, this characterization is being replaced by a monolithic, uniform, static, and homogeneous version of the Indian in the form of the Taino
invention (i.e., all jibaros are Indians and specifically Tainos
The price includes a three night stay at the four star Nacional de Cuba on a room only basis in Havana and then seven nights at the three-star Iberostar Tainos
on an all inclusive basis in Varadero.
y lograr la justicia cultural en la reclamacion de nuestro patrimonio indigena." (8) Iniciativas como la Comunidad Naguake asumen que los puertorriquenos, aunque mezclados con otras razas, son descendientes de los tainos
y por lo tanto pueden recuperar una identidad indigena que suplante nociones de hibridez racial.
The islands were first "discovered" by Christopher Columbus, though of course a native Tainos
population had been living there long before.
SI ALGUNA VEZ HA REMADO EN UNA CANOA, TOMADO UNA SIESTA EN UNA HAMACA, FUMADO TABACO O RASTREADO EL PASO DE UN HURACAN EN EL OCEANO PACIFICO, ENTONCES LE HA RENDIDO TRIBUTO A LOS TAINOS
, LOS INDIGENAS QUE CREARON ESAS PALABRAS MUCHO ANTES DE QUE LE DIERAN LA BIENVENIDA A CRISTOBAL COLON AL NUEVO MUNDO EN 1492.
Cave of the Jagua: The Mythological World of the Tainos
. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
After discussion of the geophysical features of the area within the wider context of Jamaica and the socio-economic and political structures of the Tainos
and the Spanish who first lived there, he describes how Major Richard Hope, an English colonist, established a small sugar plantation on the island, which developed into one of its largest slave sugar estates by the mid-1700s.
The native cultures of the Incas, Aztecs and Tainos
of the Caribbean will be presented in song and dance.
The Iberostar Tainos
, intent on improving the variety of the menu and freshness of food in its restaurants, has already bought citrus, papaya, guava, pineapple, tomatoes and cabbage directly from nearby growers.