The alert reader also will have noticed another difference between the two above renderings: In The Tanakh
, one reads "I will also draw for your camels," while in Alter's version, the reader is treated to "For your camels, too, I shall draw water." Alter's version puts the camels at the head of the clause, following the Hebrew original, gam li-gmalleka 'es'ab.
In the hands of anti-Jewish polemicists, 4 Ezra's story of Ezra reinscribing the Torah, the Tanakh
, and seventy other books by divine inspiration becomes the basis for explaining the Tanakh
's failure to mention Jesus Christ, or Mount Gerizim, or the Prophet Mohammed.
For example, it was Jesus of Nazareth who extended the biblical importance of light originally found in the Tanakh
when he proclaimed "I am the light of the world" (John, 8:12).
Mark not only shows how the "Tanakh
," "New Testament," "Qur'an" and "Bhagavad Gita" have a common core, but he also tells of the "Sevenfold Teaching" which was foretold within the "Book of Enoch," an ancient Judaic prophetic text.
As such, it is, in a sense, an introduction to and commentary on not only the Bible but Judaism itself and one that will be as useful and fascinating to Christians no less than to Jews, since the basis of Christianity and Judaism is the TaNaKh
, the Bible accepted as God's word by Jesus, the apostles, and the evangelists.
As her bus slogged west through traffic, beneath the dim shroud of a sun, Nechama sat gripping her shopping cart, reciting psalms from her Tanakh
For Judaism, which did not claim to be the only true religion, there was no barrier in principle against God revealing himself to non-Jews; indeed, the Tanakh
contains instances of such revelation.
The anthology covers a lot of territory linked by the idea of sacrifice in the Tanakh
, from early Israelities as eager human sacrificers to linguistic analysis that shows the idea of sacrifice in Hebrew relates to smoke rising to heaven rather than killing.
14: "No objective observer can read a Tanakh
, Bible or Koran and fail to recognize the entities called 'Yahweh,' 'God,' and 'Allah' as the most sadistic, evil, mass-murdering psychopaths in all fiction." The Tanakh
is the entire collection of documents believed by Judaists to be holy scriptures that was adapted to the Bible and called the Old Testament.
Other more contemporary commentators that are crucial to the study of Hebrew Scripture, that is the Tanakh
, would include: Martin Buber (d.
Thus today there are three main canons of the Old Testament: the 39 books of the Jewish Tanakh
and Protestant churches, the 46 accepted by Roman Catholics and the 51 accepted by most Orthodox churches.
The realization that ignorance of the Tanakh
is ignorance of Christ is no longer rare.