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A former country of east-central Africa. Awarded to Britain in the breakup of German East Africa after World War I, Tanganyika became independent in 1961 and joined with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964.
Tan′gan·yi′kan adj. & n.
1. (Placename) a former state in E Africa: became part of German East Africa in 1884; ceded to Britain as a League of Nations mandate in 1919 and as a UN trust territory in 1946; gained independence in 1961 and united with Zanzibar in 1964 as the United Republic of Tanzania
2. (Placename) Lake Tanganyika a lake in central Africa between Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of Congo, bordering also on Burundi and Zambia, in the Great Rift Valley: the longest freshwater lake in the world. Area: 32 893 sq km (12 700 sq miles). Length: 676 km (420 miles)
Tan•gan•yi•ka(ˌtæn gənˈyi kə, -gəˈni-, ˌtæŋ-)
1. a former country in E Africa: formed the larger part of German East Africa; British trusteeship (Tan′ganyi′ka Ter′ritory) 1946–61; became independent 1961; now part of Tanzania. 361,800 sq. mi. (937,062 sq. km).
2. Lake, a lake in central Africa, between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania: longest freshwater lake in the world. 12,700 sq. mi. (32,893 sq. km).
Tan`gan•yi′kan, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Tanganyika - the longest lake in the world in central Africa between Tanzania and Congo in the Great Rift Valley|
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
|2.||Tanganyika - a former state in East Africa; united with Zanzibar in 1964 to form Tanzania|