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A country of east-central Africa on the Indian Ocean. Inhabited since prehistoric times and settled by Bantu peoples by the tenth century, most of the region was incorporated into German East Africa starting in 1885 and passed to the British in 1920 as Tanganyika. Zanzibar, a narrow strip along the coast, was a British protectorate after 1890. Tanganyika achieved independence in 1961 and joined with Zanzibar in 1964 to form Tanzania. Dar es Salaam is the largest city; Dodoma is the capital.
Tan·za′ni·an adj. & n.
(Placename) a republic in E Africa, on the Indian Ocean: formed by the union of the independent states of Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964; a member of the Commonwealth. Exports include coffee, tea, sisal, and cotton. Official languages: Swahili and English. Religions: Christian, Muslim, and animist. Currency: Tanzanian shilling. Capital: officially Dodoma (though some functions remain in Dar es Salaam). Pop: 48 261 000 (2013 est). Area: 945 203 sq km (364 943 sq miles)
Tan•za•ni•a(ˌtæn zəˈni ə)
a republic in E Africa formed in 1964 by the merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. 31,270,820; 364,881 sq. mi. (945,037 sq. km). Cap.: Dodoma.
Tan`za•ni′an, n., adj.
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|Noun||1.||Tanzania - a republic in eastern Africa |
East Africa - a geographical area in eastern Africa
capital of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam - the capital and largest port city of Tanzania on the Indian Ocean
Dodoma - a city in the center of Tanzania that has been designated as the future capital
Tanganyika - a former state in East Africa; united with Zanzibar in 1964 to form Tanzania
Zanzibar - an island in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of Africa; part of the United Republic of Tanzania
Mbeya - a city in southwestern Tanzania
Mwanza - a city in northern Tanzania on Lake Victoria
Tabora - a city in western Tanzania
Tanga - a port city in northeastern Tanzania on the Indian Ocean
Serengeti, Serengeti Plain - a vast plain in Tanzania to the west of the Great Rift Valley known for its wildlife
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Kilimanjaro, Mount Kilimanjaro - the highest peak in Africa; located in northeastern Tanzania; 19,340 feet high
Lake Malawi, Lake Nyasa - a long lake in southeastern Africa between Tanzania, Mozambique, and Malawi
Olduvai Gorge - a gorge in northeastern Tanzania where anthropologists have found some of the earliest human remains
Tanzanian - a native or inhabitant of Tanzania
Tanzania[ˌtænzəˈniːə] N → Tanzania f
Tanzania[ˌtænzəˈnɪə] n → Tanzanie f
n → Tansania nt