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 (tär′go͝om′, -go͞om′)
Any of several Aramaic explanatory translations or paraphrasings of the Hebrew Scriptures.

[Mishnaic Hebrew targûm, translation, interpretation, Targum, from Aramaic targəmā, back-formation from targəmānā, interpreter; see dragoman.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈtɑːɡəm; Hebrew tarˈɡum)
(Bible) an Aramaic translation, usually in the form of an expanded paraphrase, of various books or sections of the Old Testament
[C16: from Aramaic: interpretation]
Targumic, Tarˈgumical adj
ˈTargumist n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtɑr gʊm; Heb. tɑrˈgum)

n., pl. Tar•gums, Heb. Tar•gu•mim (tɑr guˈmim)
a translation or paraphrase in Aramaic of a book or division of the Old Testament.
[< Aramaic targūm literally, paraphrase, interpretation]
Tar•gum′ic, adj.
Tar′gum•ist, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Targum Song of Songs and Late Jewish Literary Aramaic: Language, Lexicon, Text, and Translation
The other ancient versions are seen in this Book as generally dependent on the Greek, with the Targum actually being dependent on the Peshitto for Proverbs.
Carson was born in Palmyra, NJ in 1928, He graduated in 1950 from Rutgers University in New Brunswick, where he was an editor on the Targum, and started a career in journalism that ran until his retirement in 1993.
(1.) Lin Lan, "Students Storm Barchi's Office to Protest Condoleezza Rice's Commencement Invitation," Daily Targum, April 28, 2014, http://www.dailytargum.com/article/2014/04/students-storm-barchis-office-to-protest-con-doleezza-rices-commencement-invitation.
In this week's Daf Yomi reading, in chapter 7 of Tractate Sota, there was a brief reference to the targum, the synagogue official who used to translate the Torah reading sentence by sentence from Hebrew into Aramaic.
Her first book, Special Delivery, was published by Targum Press in 2004.
Luis Diez Merino habla del Itinerario de la revelacion escrita desde la Miqra hasta el Targum (pp.
Targum, MD, Clintara's methodology and technology includes audio-digital pen recordings of site-based interviews and site-independent "dual" scoring reviews.
The current Knight, which sports light skin and blue eyes, wouldn't go away, but it doesn't reflect the school's diversity, student leaders told The Daily Targum.
Delio DelRio, Paul and the Synagogue: Romans and the Isaiah Targum. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications (Wipf and Stock), 2013.